MASERU – MINISTER of Trade Joshua Setipa says it is important for donors to help manage perceptions about Lesotho if this country is to graduate from being least developed country.
Setipa said this during the launch of the 2016 Least Developed Countries (LDC) Report yesterday at the UN House.
“Perceptions also count. If you are viewed to be unstable and unsafe you will never make it out of the least developed countries,” Setipa said.
“It is our duty as a government to maintain political stability,” he said.
“We should let people exercise their democratic right and change governments in parliament and not with a barrel of a gun.”
He said Italy has had 54 governments in 52 years but is not viewed as unstable.
“Even in South Africa there is a motion of no confidence in parliament every week yet they are not perceived unstable but when our people exercise their democratic right we are seen as unstable.”
The minister said donor community should also take some responsibility “otherwise every dollar or every form of assistance they give to Lesotho will not bear the desired results”.
He said as long as Lesotho is still perceived as unstable “we will never graduate or attract the necessary investors”.
He further said there is a need to evaluate LDCs differently “as different countries have different landscapes and different needs”.
He stated that landlocked countries like Lesotho need a well-coordinated regional integration strategy for their economies to grow.
Motulu Molapo, Senior Economist at the Ministry of Development Planning said the LDCs adopted the Istanbul Program of Action (IPoA) in 2011 in Turkey.
“The overarching goal of the Programme of Action for the decade 2011-2020 is to overcome the structural challenges faced by the least developed countries in order to eradicate poverty, achieve internationally agreed development goals and enable graduation from the least developed country category,” Molapo said.
The challenges Molapo referred to include low per capita income, low level of human development, and economic and structural handicaps to growth that limit resilience to vulnerabilities.
“Following the adoption of the IPoA by the LDCs, Lesotho completed its five-year medium term strategy, the National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) 12/13 – 2016/17),” she said.
“This was an opportunity for the country to integrate the IPoA into the NSDP.”
Molapo said the NSDP served as a vehicle for implementation of the IPoA.
“NSDP strategic goals were developed in line with the eight IPoA priorities,” she said.
Molapo further said although the country has not been able to meet the set targets there has been progress towards that especially in the areas that are used on the criteria like GNI Per Capita, human asset index and economic vulnerability.
“The GNI per Capita stands at US$1 374 (about M18 755). This is above the graduation threshold of US$1 242 (about M16 953) but far below the graduation threshold income. The country’s GNI per capita is lower than the LDCs average of US$1 436 (about M19 604),” she said.
Molapo said the country has been working at driving sustainable economic growth through a private sector led employment creation.
She said this means facilitating private investments in the main employment creating productive sectors such as commercial agriculture, mining, manufacturing and services sectors such as tourism and construction.
She said the country’s Human Assets Index (HAI) is 62.9.
This is below the target but higher than the LDCs average of 51.5.
The human asset index reflects performance in the reduction of under-five mortality rate and percentage of population undernourished.
It also informs about the adult literacy rate and gross secondary school enrolment ratio.
Enrolment rates in secondary schools have been increasing over the years.
The total net enrolment rate has been increasing from 34.2 percent in 2010 to 37.3 percent in 2013.
Despite an upward trend in secondary school NER, the rate of increase remains low.
This low rate of increase is associated with unaffordable fees by most poor families as bursaries are only provided to Orphaned and Vulnerable Children (OVC), Molapo said.
“There has been a decrease in under-five mortality rate from 117 recorded in 2009 to 85 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2014,” she said.
Molapo said Under 5 mortality rate was reduced through improved access to emergency obstetric care service, among others.
Another factor is engagement of skilled health or birth attendants at all health centres, scaling up reproductive health education including promotion of family planning services and essential nutrition packages for pregnant and lactating mothers.“Economic Vulnerability Index (EVI) is at 42.9 which is higher than the graduation threshold of 32 or below. This shows that the country is vulnerable to natural and other economic shocks,” Molapo said.
She showed that there are several challenges like limited financial resources, reporting challenges as well as the lack of functional monitoring and evaluation body, posing as obstacles in the way of achieving the desired IPoA targets.
Sam Rapapa, the MP for Mosalemane, said MPs and politicians should be helped to disseminate the information to people and encourage them to partake in order to enable Lesotho to graduate from being one the LDCs.
World Bank pledges M2.1 billion to Lesotho
MASERU – THE World Bank has pledged US$120 million (about M2.1 billion) for new projects in Lesotho for the coming year.
This revelation was made by the Minister of Foreign Affairs Lejone Mpotjoane at a press conference in Maseru yesterday.
Mpotjoane said the World Bank will visit Lesotho in January to look into the issues of project management, public financial management, government accountability, contracts management and procurement management.
“The World Bank raised a concern that the implementation of the projects is slow and in most cases behind schedule,” Mpotjoane said.
This came after Lesotho’s delegation led by Prime Minister Sam Matekane attended the US-Africa leaders’ summit in Washington in the United States last week.
Mpotjoane said the Summit was held to discuss how heads of government, officials, business leaders, and civil society could strengthen ties between the US and
“One of the important issues discussed at the summit included good governance, democracy, human rights and rule of law,” he said.
The summit also discussed mitigating the impact of Covid-19 and future pandemics and strengthening regional and global health, promoting food security, advancing peace and security, responding to the climate crisis and amplifying diasporaties.
Mpotjoane said the United States also pledged at least US$55 billion (about M935 billion) to Africa over the next three years, spanning across a range of diverse sectors.
“The US further pledged to lend up to US$21 million (about M493 million) through the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for low and middle-income African countries,” Mpotjoane said.
He said the US Trade Representative signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat to support institutions to accelerate sustainable economic growth across Africa.
He said Matekane also met the Chief Executive Officer of the American Peace Corps, Thomas Peng.
He said the US had suspended its Peace Corps operations in Lesotho due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
And after the meeting, the Peace Corps has undertaken to send over 50 volunteers to Lesotho.
Mpotjoane said Matekane also met the World Bank Group Vice-President, Victoral Kwakwa.
He said during the meeting, Matekane and his delegation stressed the commitment of Lesotho to work with both the World Bank and IMF institutions as key bilateral and multilateral partners to get Lesotho on a sustainable broad-based and inclusive growth path.
He said Matekane also met the Chair of the Senate Finance Committee, Senator Ron Wyden.
He said Matekane met the Chair of the Africa Sub-Committee, Senator Van Hollen, who was impressed to consider an extension of the Africa Growth Opportunity Act (AGOA) beyond 2025.
“The extension of AGOA will secure and create thousands of jobs in the manufacturing sector,” Mpotjoane said.
Matekane last Saturday tweeted that the secretary general of AFCFTA fully supports and wants to be part of developmental activity for Africa.
“Lesotho delegation led by myself met with his team and discussed assistance of AFCFTA in some of Lesotho government’s development activity,” Matekane said.
Early Christmas for MMB clients
MASERU – CHRISTMAS came early for two of Maluti Mountain Brewery (MMB)’s clients after they walked away with Nissan NP200 vehicles for promoting excellence in sales in their businesses.
The prize-giving ceremony was held in Maseru on Tuesday.
The MMB further distributed M1.5 million to its clients this year in a bid to increase its sales.
The winners of the two Nissan NP200 cars are Katleho Khuto, a tavern owner from Mohale’s Hoek, and Libe Mapane, an owner of an off-sales, who won in the gold category.
The silver category winner is ’Nokoane Rankhasa who runs an off-sales while in the bronze category the winner is Letšoala Letšoala, also running an off-sales.
Khuto said this was the first time he had participated in the competition.
He said he had been working hard to perform well in business.
“I am not only selling to clients in the tavern but I also deliver the stock to my clients,” he said.
He said this kind of business has the potential to grow.
“It just requires good capital and good customer service,” he said.
Khuto said the prize money will help him to stock his tavern.
“I have been hiring people’s cars. Therefore, this will help to minimize my costs,” he said.
The MMB Sales Manager, Pusetso Thoala, said this programme started last year.
He said due to the Covid-19 pandemic many businesses collapsed and they want to help them recover.
Thoala said due to Covid, they saw it befitting to include all kinds of businesses in this sector.
Then they decided to include taverns and shebeens in the competition since they take a bigger fraction in the industry.
Thoala said the competition seeks to motivate businesses in this sector to work hard.
He said if businesses work hard, this will increase more sales hence improving MMB operations.
“We are seeking to reach even the districts,” he said.
Last year MMB put aside M2.4 million for this competition with 800 business owners participating in the programme.
A staggering M793 000 was awarded to customers who exceeded targets.
“We are offering two cars this year,” he said.
Thoala said this year they will focus on helping a higher number of business owners with renovation projects.
Thoala said they have three categories being gold, silver and bronze where in the category of gold, they will be offering a Nissan MP200 car model.
MMB believes this will motivate business owners to increase their sales.
Thoala said this is not only benefiting MMB but also business owners due to increased profits.
A Mohale’s Hoek businessman who did not want to be mentioned said the competition was fair.
He said this kind of celebration should not only be about collecting the prizes but it should be used for networking between stakeholders as well.
He said he was expecting the business owners to be given a slot to discuss their challenges and strengths so that the sector could grow.
Sweets that clear your sore throat
ROMA – WHEN you have a sore throat, maybe due to common cold, you allow these candies to melt in your mouth.
They are not just sweet, they are also soothing.
“That’s because we’ve got measured amounts of wild mint, honey and lemon in there,” said Joalane Mohale who produces these sweets at the National University of Lesotho (NUL) Innovation Hub.
With these sweets, you clear your sore throat, fever and a cough.
The story starts in 2019 — in fact it starts earlier than that.
“That’s when my teammates and I were busy making and selling packaged teas out of various medicinal plants,” Mohale said.
Business was good.
People just loved their teas.
It is not surprising because the tea itself came in all kinds of versions.
The ingredients ranged from corn silk, to olives and mint, from Artemisia (lengana), to eucalyptus (boleikomo) and numerous other plants.
So people would come from all walks of life to tell them how the catalogue of teas they took to the markets was helping them.
One would say they assist with a headache, another would cite period pains, another would mention fever, flu, sore throats, all kinds of ailments.
It was something worth celebrating, with one exception.
These people were almost always adults.
There were simply no youths and children in the audience.
It dawned on Mohale that perhaps their products were not reaching the broader market.
What would they do?
“When we sat down and thought hard about it, we came to a conclusion that the way we delivered these soothing plants were simply not in the interest of the young.”
You hardly ever see young people sitting down and enjoying a cup of tea.
But we all know that they delight in munching sweets of all kinds.
So what if they used the same stuff they were putting in tea in the sweets?
It could be a brilliant idea.
So she started.
That was back in 2019.
The making of sweets might sound easy.
After all sweets are sweets, isn’t it?
She would soon learn what other seasoned manufacturers of anything have learned before her.
That manufacturing, no matter what it is you are manufacturing, is hard.
One experienced manufacturer likes to say “what people don’t seem to understand is that manufacturing is not so much about the product as it is about the process of making that product”.
The process, that’s the hard part.
But she tried it any way.
“I kept failing until I decided it was time to consult someone who was already in the business.”
The person consulted was ready to assist.
She opened up about what sweets really were.
She talked about different kinds of sweets and how each kind differed from another.
She told her that only certain kinds of sweets would be suitable for the kind of stuff she wanted to do.
She got back encouraged to try.
“You won’t believe it,” she said.
“Even with all that information, it would take another four months for me to be able to nail the sweets to my satisfaction.”
In the beginning, the sweets just collapsed a few days after being put together.
When she fixed that, then came another problem.
The sweets just went bad every two weeks or so.
She kept her experiments alive until she was able to solve the problems.
“One of the things I realised was the importance of accuracy,” she said.
“You have to be extremely accurate with measurements.”
You get a small thing wrong, the whole system collapses.
Among the ingredients in the sweets is a wild mint.
Basotho are known to have depended on wild mint to fight cold since time immemorial.
“Many would put it in their nostrils in times of flu or other stuff and it was celebrated for its effectiveness.”
Scientists have noted that mints can soothe upset stomach and ease colds, flu, fever, headaches, and sinus congestion.
Another candidate is honey—that magic food.
A CNN report says “researchers said honey was (found to be) more effective in relieving the symptoms of cold and flu-like illnesses than the usual commercial remedies”.
As if that was not enough already, she added lemon.
Listen to what some scientists have to say about lemon: “Lemons are rich in vitamin C and flavonoids that work together against flu and cold infections”.
Well, with the three in one, you are ready to munch your way out of most annoying flus and colds.
Business2 months ago
Vodacom gives to schools
Business2 months ago
Why stakeholders matter in strategy implementation
News1 month ago
MP wants ‘stolen land’ returned to Lesotho
Business2 months ago
Harvard economist seeks to revive Lesotho’s economy
Business2 months ago
New mobile filling stations on the cards
Business2 months ago
Mokhotlong villagers strike it rich
News1 month ago
DCEO raids PS’
Business2 months ago
Roads Directorate to rehabilitate roads