Connect with us


Saving ‘Mother Earth’



ROMA – Green is the modern buzzword. That is why the National University of Lesotho (NUL) graduates, Phomolo Khonthu and Likopo Liphotho requested the temporary use of one NUL lab to develop their biodiesel — a green fuel — for vehicles and heavy machinery.
They also use exhausted vegetable oil to make their green stuff.

Our planet faces a danger lserious enviromental danger due to high emission rate of greenhouse gases.
Everybody knows a thing or two about the eminent environmental tragedy.
So for these folks, the development of biodiesel goes beyond their interests in business.

They want to make their own contribution, no matter how small, in saving the beloved planet earth.
For those who are a bit lost about this “green” thing, biodiesel can be said to be carbon-neutral.
That is, no matter how much carbon dioxide (CO2) is thrown into the atmosphere during its burning, the same CO2 will, in theory, be absorbed again once new oil plants are grown, the following year, to produce oil.

That is just one good thing in a repertoire of biodiesel’s environmental credentials – they are many.
But, of course, the idea is not only about saving the environment – this is also about the mighty business.
Lesotho needs to get busy in business and the youngsters are leading the way.

That is why these folks are awaiting the possibility of assistance by local funders in a business competition.
“If we get the funding we are ready to start,” they said.
“In terms of business, there is a huge opening,” Khonthu said. “Few things are as widely used as liquid fuels in Lesotho,” and — this is almost a proverb — “we import it all!”

As these two students moved around Maseru and other towns in Lesotho, they were struck by how much waste oil is produced in Lesotho.
Basotho are addicted to oil (not crude oil, of course).
They eat oil in French fries (who doesn’t like li-chips?), in fat-cakes (who isn’t brought down to his heels by the smell of makoenya in a hungry stomach?) and in fried fish.

But few of us really think about the consequences — where on earth does the waste oil used in making the goodies go after it is all done?
“The shops normally reuse for three to four times” Khonthu revealed.
But oil has limits, so once its job is done, it is thrown away.

“That is where the problem is, that throwing away,” Khonthu gave an insightful observation.
“But that oil is actually a brilliant raw material for biodiesel.”
To understand, let’s explore the oil’s make-up.
Oil is amazing!

The learned folks in our midst like to call oil molecules triglycerides.
In short, it means three (tri) glycerides bound together.
This amazing molecule, the three in one, makes an important part of your body and, besides, it lends itself to being manipulated into forming bio-diesel.

How is that possible?
Of course it starts with plenty of filtering the waste oil to ensure that unwanted materials and food remains are removed from the oil.
But when you add methanol and a catalyst to oil, in a well-designed operation, something good happens.
There is a mutual and a very welcome exchange between ethanol and triglyceride.

Methanol donates its CH3s to triglyceride and, as a thank you, triglyceride gives off CH2CHCH2 it has to methanol.
Everybody is happy.
Each of the three broken triclyceride molecules have now adopted CH3s into their structure and, guess what, they have now become diesel molecules!
There is more good news!
Each of the ethanol molecules, after adopting the CH2CHCH2, have now turned into something else.
Can you guess?
Yes, that thing which is world-renowned for its skin-moisturizing properties.
So Khonthu said something about the role of glycerin.
“In this case, glycerin is supposed to be a waste.”

Fortunately, these folks haven’t adopted the word “waste” into their vocabulary.
In any case, given the many lucrative uses of glycerin, who, in their right minds, would give up glycerin as a waste?
Glycerin can be purified and sold as it is, or it can be applied into soaps and many other uses, the options are unlimited.
However, there is a problem.

Some of the methanol is left unreacted, but the products have to be free from methanol.
There are a few choices.

They either let this volatile material vaporize (it needs lower temperatures to do so) or they add anhydrous sodium sulphate for a reaction.
Despite having to consider the cost of each alternative, one might be interested in the vaporization option because it means the unreacted methanol is easily recycled.

In the end, what?
“We have indeed made some laboratory tests to prove that we have produced biodiesel,” Khonthu said.
“Now we are about to power a small machinery before we move on to power a car.”
Feel free to volunteer your diesel car for a test, if you just want to be part of this onward-moving, fearless generation.

Own Correspondent



Jobs galore for Lesotho



94 000 jobs.

That is what the Millennium Challenge Account (MCA-Lesotho) will create in the next 10 years, according to Prime Minister Sam Matekane.

The MCA-Lesotho was created by the Lesotho parliament last year after the United States’ Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) found Lesotho eligible to receive development funds.

The MCC gives development grants to poor countries that respects democratic principles and human rights.

The MCC has unlocked a staggering US$322 million (over M5 billion) to the government of Lesotho after the country enacted three laws the protect people’s basic rights this week.

Matekane advised youths to visit MCA-Lesotho offices to understand how best they can benefit from the fund and the projects that will be financed.

The MCC’s investments are aimed at increasing the availability of water for household and industrial use, enhance watershed management and conservation methods, rehabilitate health infrastructure and strengthen health systems, and remove barriers to private investment.

The MCA-Lesotho’s Health and Horticulture Compact seeks to assist the country in unlocking equitable and sustainable economic growth in partnership with the private sector by addressing key constraints to growth.

Matekane said the job creation potential of the horticulture project alone is estimated at 4 000 jobs.

This excludes indirect jobs that will be created through packaging supplies, logistics, cold chain activities as well as the processing of the output.

“Let us all be ready and ensure we spend all the funding that is available,” Matekane said.

He said the money is going to be invested in agriculture, trade and industry, value chains, infrastructure development, tourism and creative sectors.

“The Compact has come at a critical time when the country is in dire need of financial injections to revive the economy,” he said.

“This second Compact forms the core of Lesotho’s private sector-led economic growth, recovery and job creation agenda.”

He said the MCA staff should work diligently, to implement this Compact.

“There are several Basotho businesses out there that are eager to seize the opportunities that the Compact brings,” Matekane said.

“Serve them with integrity, accountability and dedication.”

Matekane said the government has established the Cabinet Sub-Committee on the Compact which is under the leadership of Deputy Prime Minister Nthomeng Majara.

The sub-committee is mandated to ensure that the government provides overall oversight, strategic direction and support for successful implementation of the Compact.

He said he expects the MCA-Lesotho to ensure the full implementation of the project within the next five years.

“Our economy needs this capital injection to boost productivity and job creation,” Matekane said.

Matekane said the government had to enact three pieces of legislation which were necessary to support the investments that the MCC is making.

The enacted laws are the Labour Code Amendment Bill, the Administration of Estates and Inheritance Bill and the Occupational Safety and Health Bill.

Majara Molupe

Continue Reading


Bank spearheads career expo



Standard Lesotho Bank will tomorrow host a career expo at the ’Manthabiseng Convention Centre for high school students who will sit for their final exams this year.
The 14th Annual Standard Lesotho Bank Career Expo was launched in Mokhotlong on Monday where the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority (LHDA) welcomed students in areas around the Polihali Dam construction site.

On Tuesday the expo was at the Butha-Buthe Community High School, yesterday it was at Assumption High School in Teya-Teyaneng while today it is in Quthing at Holy Trinity High School.

The five-day nationwide event is dedicated to connecting ambitious Basotho youths with exciting career opportunities.

Standard Lesotho Bank says it’s career expo “is a cornerstone of the bank’s commitment to empowering Basotho youth and shaping the future of Lesotho’s workforce”.

The 2024 edition of the event is the 14th where the bank is now the headline sponsor of this important expo that reaches about over 10 000 students countrywide.

The expo promises to be an even better offering where over 35 institutions of higher learning from Lesotho and South Africa as well as professional bodies will explain different career options to Basotho students.

Standard Lesotho Bank communications manager, Manyathela Kheleli, said students in Mokhotlong did not only learn about different engineering disciplines but got to appreciate engineering in action at Polihali.

He said it was a lifetime experience for students from Mokhotlong, “thanks to the collaboration with LHDA, who are fully responsible for the Polihali leg of the event”.

There were also motivational speakers from different professions in the bank and other selected institutions.

Key influencers in the football fraternity, former Likuena captain and now Corporate Responsibility Manager at Letšeng Diamonds, Tšepo Hlojeng, and former Orlando Pirates dribbling wizard, Steve Lekoelea, are among the influencers that have been invited to address the students.

The event is a sponsorship initiative under Personal and Private Banking that is open to all youths, communities, and individuals, where the bank intends to use this event to drive the new Youth or student Customer Value Proposition and attract high school students to open accounts ahead of their enrolment into tertiary institutions.

The objective of this sponsorship is to first create an environment where future leaders of Lesotho will be nurtured and informed of top career choices that demonstrate various skills requirements for the growth of Lesotho’s economy.

Secondly, the career expo is a clear demonstration of the bank’s intention to put youths at the centre of its initiatives.

This position is shown by the bank’s initiative to not only develop special products for youths, such as the Youth Account but also through several initiatives that promote youth empowerment. These include the bursary scheme and the Bacha Entrepreneurship Project.

“We are more than a bank for our youths, but a good corporate citizen and a partner for the education for Basotho,” Kheleli said.

“We believe that as we grow our youths, they will become assets to this country and by extension, develop into a feeder market for our banking products when they enter the job market,” he said.

The bank has invested M150 000 towards sponsorship of the annual Career Expo.

Staff Reporter

Continue Reading


Ministry launches fresh industrialisation drive



A new policy to drive industrialisation in Lesotho was launched in Maseru this week.
The Lesotho National Industrialisation Policy 2024–2028 is being spearheaded by the Ministry of Trade.

The ministry says the policy seeks to accelerate economic diversification in the industrial base, enhance productivity and productive capacity for industrialisation and advance domestic and regional value chains for industrialisation.

It also seeks to promote and develop industrial clustering, promote inclusive industrialisation, support entrepreneurship development and strengthen business linkages.
The new policy will also seek to enhance energy efficiency and sustainability, promoting technology adoption and innovation, services-based industrialisation, and stimulating agro-based industrialisation.

This is not the first time Lesotho has launched an industrialisation policy. Previous policies have all failed.

The first attempt was the 2015–2017 industrial policy, whose aim was to accelerate the industrialisation agenda and address key challenges facing the country.

The second one was the 2018–2023 policy, which after its unsuccessful execution during the three years of implementation, the government extended it to the National Strategic Development Plan Strategic Focus (2023/24-2027/28).

The new industrial policy’s target is set to activate implementation on innovation to enhance the efficiency and competitiveness of domestic industries, create decent jobs and improve the welfare of Basotho.

Thabo Moleko, the Ministry of Trade Principal Secretary, said the implementation of the new policy is set to deepen economic growth, promote industrialisation and enhance competitiveness.

“The plan includes greater investment in industrial development with the intention to create employment and incomes while building on maintaining the existing industrial trade,” Moleko said.

Mamello Nchake, a consultant for the United Nations Economic Commission of Africa (UNECA), said the development goals of the industrial policy are set to ensure an achievable inclusiveness and equitable growth as they aim to create sector-led quality jobs for Basotho.

Nchake said the goals are meant to “develop and maintain enabled infrastructure that is critical to the private sectors and also to promote gender equality, environmental and climate risk management”.

“Moreover, the policy (will seek to) harness the collaboration with private sector firms to address common challenges and promote industrialisation,” she said.

The workshop discussed constraints that hindered the implementation of the 2018 – 2023 policy that undermined investment and trade opportunities.

The constraints include access to land for investment, inadequate provision of infrastructure, an outdated and a lack of appropriate regulatory environment, low productive capacity, market size and topological constraints, unstable macroeconomic environment, external factors, and over-dependency of trade preferences.

To address the strategic objectives, the previous industrial policies had proposed tax incentives for industrial development, trade policy and regional integration as the main vehicle for industrialisation and structural transformation.

They had also proposed mechanisms for policy coordination and implementation, institutional alignment and linkages.

However, several key challenges were identified in the implementation of the 2015-2017 industrial policy.

They included limited financial and investment capacity to effectively implement the industrial policy actions.

“Financing instruments are not aligned with the level of development needs of the private sector,” stakeholders heard at the workshop.

They also heard that there is “persistent dependency on few industries that poses risks in the face of global economic uncertainties and ever-changing consumer preferences”.
Another identified problem is limited investment climate that makes it costly for foreign firms to invest in Lesotho.

It was also observed that a shortage of specialised education and skills crucial for growth of industries impact the ability of firms to adopt advanced technologies and improve productivity and the productive capacity.

Stakeholders also heard that there is limited global competitiveness and access to global markets.

Lesotho’s industries, they heard, particularly textiles and garments, face competition from other low-cost manufacturing countries.

The country is also spooked by poor coordination between the implementing agencies due to a lack of a clear implementation framework.

Khahliso ’Molaoa

Continue Reading