ROMA – STREET vendors (baitšokoli) will soon have their own tills, just like in big supermarkets, but on their phones. Their tills will be an online app.
“With it, street vendors will keep accurate records of their sales,” Khotso Mohanoe, a former student of the National University of Lesotho (NUL) involved in the project said.
“If someone is selling to you as a street vendor, you can still log into the app at anytime of the day to see how their sales are going,” he said.
Imagine you are a street vendor and you have this app on your phone. This is how your typical day might look like. First you decide what goods you are going to sell. Maybe you decide to resell bananas, apples, oranges and sweets.
You go restock them. You have already created a barcode (or a QR Code) for each of the four items. After stocking, you now log into your app and tell the app how many of the bananas, apples, oranges and sweets you have bought on that day.
Then the selling begins. The first buyer is already here. She wants five bananas, one orange and two sweets. You open your app and scan the banana barcode or QR code. Then you put in the quantity of bananas being bought, which is five in this case, into the app.
You do the same for the orange and the sweets. The app immediately calculates the total amount the buyer pays and how much change they should get back. But before some change is given, the app asks you, the vendor, if that was all the buyer wanted.
It could be that the buyer still wants to buy more. If she does, more scans are made and more quantities are put in. More totals are counted and the change is given, if any. If the buyer no longer has anything to add, then that specific purchase is closed.
But it has been recorded. This is very important because in the end, the records might say something about the deeply hidden behaviour of buyers. The record could show the vendors that many buyers are more likely to buy oranges only if sweets are also there.
More on what the records can tell later. Then another buyer is already here. A new purchase starts. This guy just needs an orange and an apple, that’s all. The same process is repeated. Now it could be that both of these first buyers are not necessarily interested in having receipts.
But what if they are? Well, this machine, can also generate a receipt. Buyer one gave M30, and got back M5.30 in change. Unlike a normal receipt, this receipt is not printed on paper. Rather it is just sent though WhatsApp to the buyer and there she goes.
Sounds good so far. The day goes by and several sales are made and it’s now time to go home. Once at home, you log in to your app and a whole new world opens up. Before this app, you tried but it was hard to keep these kinds of records.
Now everything is here. You know which items were sold, in what quantities, what cash was given and how much change was returned in each case. In fact you can even see the kind of cash people are more likely to bring in the morning versus in the evening and you plan the next day accordingly.
Again, in the past, you were just kind of selling and selling—and selling. You did not give much attention to which of the items you were selling were actually the most popular in the market.
At least you could not say for sure. With this app, the trends are clear.
Oranges are wildly popular and bananas are sluggish. In fact, it seems, you could make profit by focusing on selling exclusively oranges and dumping bananas. Several weeks later, you wake up one day and you do not feel like going to work. You are sick or something.
You see a loitering man in the street, teach him a thing or two about the app and, there he goes. However, in this case, you want to be careful. You do not want this guy going deeper into the app and, for instance, seeing how much money you are making in a month.
“So you restrict him only to the selling functions of the app,” Mohanoe said.
Off he goes. At lunch, you are still on your bed but you want to know how he is doing. No, you do not call him. You just log into your app and you find that he has just sold a dozen oranges. If it were you, you could have already sold two to three bags by now.
You ring him, “pull up your socks dude!” Mahanoe says he credits his supervisor, Seforo Mohlalisi, both for raising this idea in his final year project at the NUL and for supervising him through it all.
Retracing oral history
ROMA – MOHOSHO Pofane, who is the founder of the NUL Writers’ Club, that seeks to ignite the writing passion in students, is working on his second book after publishing his first one in 2021.
Pofane is a Mosotho man born in Ha-Mokhehle in Teya-Teyaneng, Berea.
He holds a BA in Development Studies and English Language and is currently in the fourth year of his second degree in LLB at the National University of Lesotho.
“My passion for writing started at a very young age,” Pofane says.
“I used to have a small journal while growing up. I would put every thought that came into my mind in that journal as articles,” he says.
“At one time, I submitted my articles to one of the well-known local newspapers for publication, but sadly, they got rejected because I was “too young””.
Although rejection was somewhat painful, this passionate writer says he was not discouraged from writing because, in 2016, he began writing the manuscript for his first book which was published in February 2021 with the tittle ‘Getting Played’.
Its conception was metered with self-doubt coupled with the traumatic effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.
However, amid all that uncertainty, he published a self-help book about dating, selling over 1000 copies on online platforms and thousands of others in bookstores.
How is the reception of the first book from people?
“People love the book: “Getting Played,” literally! I still receive random texts from people who purchased the book to relay how it has helped them with their relationships. I get flushed with triumph whenever I receive such reviews. To contribute to research and literature, to be able to add positivity and value to someone’s life by helping them navigate their relationship.”
We must not hasten to realise that relationships form the essence of interaction. If we have good relations, we automatically become a better society.
Being the founder of the NUL Writers’ Club tells how passionate Pofane is about writing.
No wonder he has already published his second book: “The Identity of Amahlubi – Matebele in Lesotho: Connecting the Pieces” on November 10, 2022.
While the first book was a “Relationship” book, the second one is more of an academic book that can help history enthusiasts.
This ardent writer says he drew inspiration for the second book from Professor Nqosa Mahao’s book titled “Bakhoele: Bafokeng ba ’Mantsukunyane oa Kata-Sefiri”.
“Apart from this book, I am a very prying and inquisitive person,” Pofane says.
“My whole life, I have been trying to establish my cultural identity to have a sense of belonging and be content with who I am,” he says.
“However, my quest was occasionally met with loose endings. It was until I was browsing through social media that I came across a Facebook group of people who called themselves AmaHlubi.”
Pofane says what was ironic about this group was that it was full of Basotho people living in Lesotho.
“It was from that moment that I learned I am a Hlubi.”
He says the group consisted of very kind and loving people who instantly taught him his “Izibongo”, something which he says his great-grandparents failed to teach his elders, including himself, for many years.
Everyone in that Facebook group contributed towards filling any uncertainties within his clan, he says.
Being an inquisitive writer that he is, he decided to conduct thorough research and codify the findings into a book with their help.
The book entails a detailed genealogy of the Matebele/Hlubi clan in Lesotho. It throws some light on the forgotten historical events of the AmaHlubi tribe, who found themselves disgruntled in Lesotho following the capture and arrest of King Langalibalele I.
That is to show that oral traditions can be used to reconstruct the history of non-literate people.
In this book, he shows that although oral prose literature like legends, proverbs and songs has essential historical data, the most critical genre is the Seboko (izibongo) of the kings.
Most writers on the Seboko, like Nqosa L. M., (2011), and Nyembezi C. L., (1948), all agree that the Seboko (izibongo) is significant as a historical document.
The book seeks to be the epoch and reference point for younger and coming generations of readers and researchers by answering the following questions:
l Who are the Hlubi people?
l How did they end up in Lesotho?
l Who was/is their King?
l Why are they called Matebele in Lesotho?
l What is their cultural identity?
Be sure to get your copy of the newly published: “The Identity of Amahlubi – Matebele in Lesotho: Connecting the Pieces” as well as “Getting Played,” here: 5955 5318 and at local bookshops including Lifestyle Books Lesotho among others.
Lesotho’s pocket power app wins in Dubai
ROMA – This app helps raise money online for students who are admitted for post-graduate studies in any university.
It was developed by Thato Rammoko, a National University of Lesotho (NUL) graduate in Computer Science.
This app, which captured tech minds from all over the world in Dubai is called Pocket Power, www.pocketpower.co.ls.
It was among the top 100 tech solutions, beating hundreds of other competitors from all over the world, to make it to Dubai last week.
Rammoko’s work is the first tech project from Lesotho to make it to the top 100 at the Dubai Prototypes for Humanity Expo.
The event was organised by Dubai International Finance Centre (DIFC).
To make a formidable team, Rammoko teamed with joined by Takatso Kumi – one of the leaders of the NUL Innovation Hub.
Kumi is an author and a Family Leadership and Generational Wealth Management Coach who represented the Hub at the event.
What was Rammoko’s idea?
He wanted to improve access to scholarships for students who want to pursue their post-graduate studies abroad.
That is a challenge. The National Manpower Development Secretariat (NDMS) sponsors a handful of such students but that is not enough.
Sometimes it sponsors courses that do not resonate with applicants. Applying for university and getting admission abroad is quite easy.
Getting a scholarship is a mountain to climb since competition is very tight. If one is self-sponsored, currency differences can be huge, making it expensive to try.
Many of us have gone through the experience. For instance, how many of us got admitted for post-graduate studies only to find it impossible to move forward because there was no money?
Rammoko had a personal experience.
“I got admitted to the University of Essex to study Masters in Financial Technology,” he said.
“I applied for a Chevening Scholarship and I got rejected.”
He then told the university he would wait until the following year when he had sorted his finances out. He tried applying again for the same scholarship and he got rejected once more.
Competition was really tight there.
How could he finance his studies if he didn’t have a scholarship? How about from his own pocket? Eureka! That’s when the idea of Pocket Power came to be.
It would act as a crowd-funding project to encourage financing post-graduate education from our pockets when scholarship fails.
“It will be done through encouraging local and international companies to strengthen their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) because of the role they can play in giving back to the community,” he said.
Small businesses and individuals who can donate their funds to this initiative can also participate through their philanthropic activities.
Any nation that wants to escalate its rate of development like Dubai would first invest in the education of its citizens.
Pocket Power is here to do exactly that. The project is live albeit in beta stage. The platform has three students currently raising funds.
You can visit www.pocketpower.co.ls and give as little as M100 to one or more students and become a dream maker today.
All the donations are kept in a secure account and paid directly to the academic institutions to protect donors from scammers and chancers.
Donors can also give directly to the pool of funds that will be used to top up active campaigns that need a boost.
So far Pocket Power has collected over M60 000 from over 100 donors from countries like the United States, the United Kingdom, Malta, South Africa and more.
Considering its potential, the project caught the attention of the organisers of Prototypes for Humanity Competition in Dubai.
Dubai is one of the fastest growing seven states of the United Arab Emirates as a global research and innovation centre.
You see this in its spectacular infrastructural designs of the future, unbelievable booming economy, and a global tourist attraction destination place.
How Dubai developed its economy in about two decades is a story for another day.
Our focus now is: What is Prototypes for Humanity Expo and how can you participate in it next year?
If you are a graduate passionate about addressing critical challenges for humanity to advance ideas for positive, social and environmental impact, this could be your turn too.
Your task is simply to apply next year.
The programme, which is done in partnership with Dubai International Finance Centre, brings together trailblazing ideas, projects, and technologies, addressing critical challenges affecting us all, and then awards the best four prototypes covering the four themes at US$25 000 (about M450 000) each that are convened to support the development of real-world solutions for a better world.
It is said to have evolved from the originally design-centric Global Grad Show exhibition.
The themes for this year, although they may change next time, were: Health, Society, Environment and Corporate Solutions.
Energy Research Centre shines
ROMA – THE MSc in Sustainable Energy at the National University of Lesotho (NUL)’s Energy Research Centre (ERC) is only two years old but some are already using it as a model.
The ERC had its first graduates in September 2020, yet its achievements reach far beyond many university post-graduate programmes. It was only in 2019 when the ERC received M800 000 to revamp the young programme, that had hardly run for a year.
The funding was from UK Aid under the project: Transforming Energy Access — Learning Partnership (TEA-LP) managed by the University of Cape Town (UCT). The programme has been revamped and the incumbent cohort of first-year students will do a compulsory module on Energy Entrepreneurship.
This is not all that the current students will enjoy from the TEA-LP project. At the end of every module, a major assignment will be given. For any assignment that addresses energy access, the best performer on the assignment will be awarded a whopping M10 000.
As if this was not enough, at the end of the first semester, at least two students will get M44 000 scholarships for the rest of the year. The award will be based on performance and needs assessment of the prospecting students. The ERC recognises and rewards hard work.
“This confirms our high expectations of everything done by the ERC team,” says Leslie Ashburner, Project Manager, TEA-LP, South Africa.
Second-year research students are not forgotten, not in this programme. Two of the second-year students are recipients of the Southern African Solar Thermal Training & Demonstration Initiative (SOLTRAIN) research grants.
The grants are worth EUR2 100 (about M37 674) for research on the potential analysis of the use of solar thermal energy for the health sector and EUR700 (about M12 558) for analysis of the possibilities of using solar thermal energy in the brewing industry in Lesotho.
The primary aim of the financial support is to stimulate research work by students on solar thermal topics in order to build up knowledge and capacity in the SOLTRAIN partner countries.
These will further enhance cooperation on solar thermal issues between the NUL and SOLTRAIN. The MSc in Sustainable Energy has only had its first graduates this year. The success of the programme has exceeded all expectations, even for the most optimistic.
International energy stakeholders were able to attend during dissertation oral defence of the graduating students … thanks to Covid-19 as these were done online. It was during these presentations that one student caught the attention of a giant Belgian wind power developer, in the name of Hirundo.
Hirundo has since asked ERC to engage its students, under paid work, more like consultancy work, to assess the prospects of selling wind power to Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) — a regional market for trading electricity.
“We were really impressed by the organisation of the event, great time keeping and quality of the presentations” said Hirundo participants.
Well, the success of the ERC is largely due to its dedicated and motivated staff. Earlier this year, we reported that they were the pioneers of the lifeline tariff.
If you have forgotten what a lifeline tariff is, this is the policy that allows electricity consumers to buy the first 30 electricity units of the month at almost 75 cents. This was done to help the poorest of the poor to afford electricity.
The ERC has taken its work further to develop what is called a Pioneer Developer Refund Scheme for the utility company. Ever heard a household saying it owns an electricity transformer because it was the first to bring electricity to the village?
That household is called a Pioneer Developer. And rightfully, it must be compensated for bringing the electricity to the village at high costs. This problem has persisted since the inception of the electricity utility company. But now the ERC has come to the rescue and, soon, people fighting over the ownership of a transformer will be a thing of the past.
Due to the myriad of projects the ERC is both involved in and pursuing, it is the only unit on campus with a dedicated Project Manager. The ERC believes in its products hence it has acquired the services of one of its graduates to be the Project Manager, Matsoso Mothala.
“I honestly don’t know any other university department being so successful,” says Niklas Hayek, Development Consultant — Energy, Education & Climate Change, Germany.
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