In the darkness of the night, there are stars to guide the way of the traveller in the night, and if there be clouds, there is the innately acquired instinct of following those paths one knows, or can in spur of the moment see in the faint lines traced by nature, time, and creature across the landscapes the road to the destination follows; the night is in actual fact not totally dark, or, so dark that no paths can be seen: even the dark clouds reflect the light from the stars in the night sky, and in a storm, the flashes of lightning are bright enough to point the way to he or she that wants to reach their destination despite or in spite of the prevailing impediments or predicaments in the way of the traveller.
We as the human race travel the long paths of history, and we follow the long road of life with its varied stops or destinies.
The path of the society begins in the heart of the individual, for the community travels at the behest and through the guidance of those individuals that can garner the spirit of the pioneer or the traveller that knows as fact that the achievement of a goal and the reaching of a destiny is the result of varied pilgrimages into the unknown; human progress is birthed in the minds of those that know as a reality that knowledge that leads the individual and the society is often begot of the will to go out on quests for knowledge: we have to travel long distances to gather the experience we need to progress, to improve our current status, and to ultimately reach the desirable condition of contentment, a kind of contentment that one gets from knowing their basic needs are covered, that there is peace of mind, or if not in its totality, at least a feasible semblance thereof.
From time to time, the weariness of the road of life demands that we rest, if only for a while or for a long moment of repose. We rest to gather strength for the road, or to review the maps which we follow to reach the desired destination.
The lull is the period in which we gather our thoughts, and eke the bits of inspiration necessary to lighten the load on our shoulders and to ease the tread of our feet across the rugged landscapes of history and time.
The mystic Credo Mutwa spoke of the wisdom of travelling and the acquisition of knowledge systems previously foreign to the individual that encounters them. The main reason for this is:
Africa’s education system is hands on. You cannot simply read a lot of text books and get a handle on indigenous knowledge. As Amadou Hampate Ba states, “It is a living tradition.” Nature is the text book and there are certain things you can witness in nature in one location that you cannot witness in another. This is why one must travel to experience the phenomenon in its natural environment.
We travel the landscapes of history on the shoulders of the modes of production used to sustain the economies that feed, clothe, and shelter us.
We maintain law and order necessary for harmonious human interaction through the various monarchic, capitalist, and communist legislative and political systems devised for the sole purpose of keeping us focused on the main goal that is human progress.
All of these and other methods of maintaining peaceful human interaction for the sake of progress are necessary, and their necessity stems from the need to have a world that can sustain the human race and other creature and plant races well into the future.
No system should infringe so much on the others that it renders them ineffectual and impotent.
What the state is experiencing in political terms at this moment in time should not mean that we cannot interact as neighbours, as civil servants and citizens naturally bequeathed by history to see to the progress of this land in economic development and other necessary terms.
The political lull offers the opportunity for the state to review the fallacies of the past, and to look to neighbours and allies for support in implementing systems and strategies that will at the end of the day benefit not only the citizens of Lesotho, but also prove Lesotho a beneficial ally to countries it shares common and varied global development visions with.
The mystic may seem different from the medical doctor, but both heal the ills that plague members of society; the similarity between what was previously deemed different can only be found if the previously seemingly different are put to the task: one task that demands the solution of one problem through the use of varied contributions from individuals with different backgrounds and experiences. We have to be hands on to know the root to the problem, and we have to be hands-on in the provision of the solutions to such a problem.
From a citizen’s point of view I have always known that there was a problem with the way we view political rule and governance; victories after elections are celebrated as one would celebrate the win by a local team against its archrival from a different district or village.
This kind of view makes sense to people with individualistic tendencies that have so far only managed to run this beautiful country and kingdom into the rut we now seem to be in.
Political rule and governance is not a game where one side stands to benefit just because they voted for a given political party that won the polls; this is the old way of viewing politics of ‘divide-and-rule’ as taught by the colonial master to the native.
The understanding we should all have is that government of any kind and sort is there for the benefit of the harmonious running of the state and not the satisfaction of a few individuals with divided interests of dubious nature. That one should proclaim themselves to be the patriot when they are absent when the poor and the unemployed in certain sectors of society add numbers at alarming rates on a daily basis is to me hypocrisy of the worst kind.
That some individuals treat a seat of political power as a bullet in a magazine that grants them the power to do as they please is deplorable behaviour and weakness of character.
The seat of power in parliament or any other house of governance grants the elected the power to deliver on the promises they made during the long campaigns to get elected into office.
Elected into office and resting on the laurels of victory just means that such an individual did not have the right intentions in the first place, that is; they proclaimed concerns at the poor state of affairs whilst they were in actual fact only interested in the facile benefits that come with the ascendancy into the given office of power.
This lull should have us all reviewing our intentions, for out of those intentions will come the actions that will either save or sink this state when next we choose to “elect” someone into the offices of civil service.
If the intention is, on the part of the voter, only to please one party and snub the other on some purpose other than the progress of the state, then it is an intention whose actions we might come to rue. Forced by fate and circumstance, the mother hen scratches the ground from day to day in search of the worm or the nub of grain that guarantees both its survival and the sustenance of her brood.
It is a seemingly tedious travail, but to the individual that has allowed themselves to take of the lesson of the scratching hen and the foraging ant, it is the timeless Afrikaans poem of the hen scratching the ground for food; “Laar hier, kiep, kiep…laar daar, kiep, kiep!”(Kick here, dump, dump… kick there, dump, dump!).
Our struggles to survive are only struggles if we only see them as such, we only hear them as songs if we do not fall into the trap of drowning in self pity and look to others (our oppressors) for salvation.
In a period that marks the changing of the guard in political terms, it would be to our advantage if we listen to the words of such prominent figures as the President of the People’s Republic of China, Xi Jinping:
We have to beware not to fall into the snare of division or Westernisation. We cannot . . . we cannot use the excuse of reform for our own interests.
The Basotho were united as one as a nation, and despite being from different tribal and ethnic backgrounds, found the will and cause to stand together to defend their country.
Even better, they found common songs in battle, or whilst at work in a Letsema (communal work); they sang in the face of the challenges that faced them and whatever activity it was they were engaged in, the song/s they sang were common to all of them engaged in the processes that guaranteed their progress.
Division was never an occurrence, unity was the reality before the maladies as taught by western cultures of individualism came along and scattered the seeds in the granaries of Moshoeshoe oa Pele to the winds of division.
The government that follows this one will surely come with reforms, but they should be aware that those reforms are to the benefit of all, and not the pipedreams of old whose compositions sang with pride how bright the diamonds we dig are while the majority of the population lives in the darkness of poverty, or, how full our streams are while the people suffer with thirst, and the water bills are so expensive that we might as well have been nomads living in the Sahara or the Kalahari. Political divisions give birth to nepotism (a virulent form of self-interest), corruption, and under performance.
While we rest for a while this time, the paths forward should be clarified. What Asian countries have achieved is a lesson we perhaps should now learn to follow; the old ways have served us none except open us up to exploitation and servitude, even though we are rich in resources natural and human that can lead to us being economic development contenders of high standing.
Letsema . . . Letsema . . . the term comes several times, and the meanings thereof are as bright as the stars that point the way to progress. I am not talking of the kind of Matsema (the plural form of Letsema) where one benefits from the efforts of many as is now fashionably used by exploiters posing as saviours.
I am thinking of the old way where the community would unite as one unit in the solution of the problems of one of the members of society, or of the society as a whole. Whether ploughing or building a house, clearing weeds or digging a well, we were united; then, we understood that the stars in the sky were there for a purpose: we understood that common problems sought united effort to be solved.
The illusion that help would come from somewhere and not from within ourselves was not as popular as it now seems to be. The solution to the problems we face lies in our believing that the answers we seek can be found in our midst; within ourselves and not from somewhere beyond the hill. In search of knowledge, I came across the quote by the President of the People’s Republic of China, His Excellency Xi Jinping:
Happiness does not fall out of the blue, and dreams will not come true by themselves. We need to be down-to-earth and work hard.
We should uphold the idea that working hard is the most honourable, noblest, greatest and most beautiful virtue.
Being down-to-earth not only means that one is humble, it means that one is prepared to go back to the drawing table and get down to work as a hen does to solve prevailing economic development problems.
Cultivating a culture of working hard will grant one the opportunity of passing down the knowledge to those that need it, that is, the next generation.
Mudslinging is the same as throwing stones in a glass house, meaning that there will be no house at all tomorrow, and teaching the poor that they should learn to employ their hands if they cannot find employment should be paramount.
Giving in to the problem and not teaching each other ways of getting out of it and fighting over meagre resources will only lead to the state being a perpetual waif.
Poverty and underdevelopment have their roots in the minds of the individual citizens, and that is where we should first start the process of excising them. Let us think while we rest. Forget the political wars . . .
Who will speak on behalf of Basotho?
A clash was reported to have taken place a few weeks ago between police officers, on the one hand, and an MP and his bodyguards, on the other, was always inevitable. It is a direct result of arrangements where people we have lent power to represent us in Parliament now use that power to come up with schemes by which they and their bodyguards should be exempted from equal treatment, and be treated differently from the rest us.
This conduct is anti-seMohlomi, and anti-seMoshoeshoe. And so are many other behaviours we have seen perpetrated by our MPs.
We can expect that those who behave this way will not stop at violation of road traffic laws but will go on to carry contraband in ‘MP’ registered vehicles, and claim exemption from police searches when confronted by the police.
The principle of ‘equality before the law’, and the principle that we should all be treated the same, is a fundamental requirement for the maintenance of social order. MPs who ignore, or violate, it are sources of social disorder. Such MPs have to be regarded as enemies of social order in Lesotho. They should bear in mind that they are opposing society when they oppose the police’s attempts to enforce the law.
We should all obey traffic laws. And, we should all stand in long queues for poor services at the Passport and Traffic Offices. Otherwise, if those we have voted into power use that power to exempt themselves and their bodyguards from poor public services, MPs will have no incentive and interest to work for improved quality of public service.
The failure by MPs and governments to address problems of poor public services is an important reason why everyday many Basotho cross into South Africa in search of better education, better medical services, and lower prices of basic necessities. That traffic includes cars which bear red registration numbers ferrying Lesotho public officials to South Africa for better services.
As always, MPs, Ministers, and other public servants will probably be exempted, or expect to be exempted, from the torment that comes with the new customs regime agreed by Revenue Services (SARS) and Revenue Services Lesotho (RSL), and implemented at RSA-Lesotho border posts. Exemption of officials and MPs will mean that they will have no interest, nor incentive, to lessen its toll on Basotho.
The new regime started early in August 2023. To educate travellers about it, the RSL staff at the Maseru border have been giving people leaflets that explain the new procedures.
Even before this new regime, and others that came before it, many people have always been suspicious that a lot of what people who enter Lesotho go through is not in the Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) Agreement. For example, it is known that the Agreement is supposed to ensure that citizens of SACU member-countries do not pay tax on a similar item in more than one SACU country. In other words, citizens of SACU member-states should not be taxed twice, or more, for the same item within the SACU area.
But because of the bureaucracy that has been imposed on customs processes at the Lesotho-South Africa borders, many people fall victim to some bureaucratic detail, or other, and end up paying tax in South Africa and Lesotho for a similar item, or service.
In the new regime agreed by RSL and SARS, RSL officials tell us that we are supposed to stamp all receipts of value of M250, and above, at SARS. They say this while distributing a leaflet that says the threshold is M10 000.
For the M250 receipt to be stamped, you need to submit to SARS copies of pages of your passport showing your address in Lesotho, and showing dates on which you travelled to and from South Africa. The implication of this is that if you carry a South African passport you cannot bring groceries into Lesotho for reasons including the fact that Lesotho government cannot claim tax from South Africa on such goods. It is unclear what will happen to a South African tourists coming to Lesotho who might be refused permission to enter with their food.
As said, the requirement that we should stamp M250 receipts at SARS is not on the leaflet RSL officials are giving to travellers. Extraordinarily, RSL officials admit this.
So, at the expense of our time, and standing in receipt-stamping queues that will inevitably grow longer and longer, we are being forced to adhere to a requirement which is nowhere in the official papers.
Has the new regime been negotiated and agreed to by RSL officials alone, or is the government aware of the unreasonable measures that we have to comply with?
It must be said that, at least, for now, the RSL staff remain very helpful, and seem to acknowledge that requirements they are expected to enforce are unreasonable.
It seems nobody thinks of us when government and officials agree to onerous customs measures at our border posts. In part this is because, again, those we have lent power to represent us use that power to exempt themselves onerous procedures that they negotiate and agree to.
We need people who think of us when they negotiate customs and other agreements. Basotho need somebody who can speak on their behalf.
Prof Motlatsi Thabane
Developing close reading skills
One of the most important skills in adeptly dealing with comprehension-related questions lies in your acquisition and refining close-reading competencies and strategies. The word comprehend means to understand, to fully grasp the essence of a text. When you comprehend a text you will take in, as it were, all the elements of a text, you nibble in, to speak using metaphors, your teeth into the heart of the text. You savour the text, immersing yourself in the texture of the text.
Close-reading involves deep observation and critical analysis of a text or comprehension passage. Close-reading strategies demands that the reader of a text pick even the salient nuances of a text, he or she must take in all the hues and details of a text which are not mentioned directly in the text. This skill takes time to hone, but with constant practice and hard work, it can be done. Let’s do that in a practical way. We are going to focus on a very small extract depicting how one aspiring ironman trained rigorously to realise his dream and the social and emotional toll the training exerted on the man and his family and how, finally he won, much to the happiness and excitement of his family. Here is the extract, as you read, please focus on the use of language to create meaning and effect. Let’s try to discern the feelings of the writer when her husband, eventually became an ironman.
“Because it’s there,’ I’d snarl to anyone who dared question why any sane mortal would tackle an Ironman. I enjoyed mercilessly shaming his less-than-supportive business partner into recognising the potentially boundless benefits of Sam’s well-publicised adventure for their newly-established, fledgling travel company. A flurry of online articles described me as ‘a runner married to a triathlete’ – it took me a few moments to recognise our family and beam with immeasurable pride.
Our son missed having Dad around at the weekends, especially if he woke up after Sam had left to train on a Saturday when sometimes there were tears. But he got used to the different dynamic. He was given an ‘Ironman’ superhero toy as a birthday gift by some relatives and immediately started making it swim, bike and run! The poor child thinks that this is how normal families operate.
Having said all that, watching Sam emerge god-like from the water, power past us on his bike and rocket down the finishing chute, head held high as our kids cheered with the crowd – utterly incredible and intoxicating, one of life’s rare pinnacles of perfection. It had been an epic journey for all of us. I’m so glad we did it. And next year? Well yes, it’s my turn.”
Have you seen how this extract is written in a very captivating way; it colourfully depicts the writer’s feelings of extreme excitement and euphoria when Sam completed the race successfully. The words, “having said all that” are colourful and conclusive. Before these words were uttered, the narrator was expressing her dissatisfaction about Sam’s involvement in sport and how demanding it was emotionally, physically and financially. But, now, the words show that the success overwhelmed even the sentiments or expressions of dissatisfaction registered earlier. One can also see that the writer is overwhelmed by pride and celebration at the success of her husband and she and the entire crowd were immersed in an “intoxicating” experience. Beer intoxicates, so the writer uses this word as a word picture to graphically show the intensity and pervasive nature of the happiness generated by Sam’s victory — it is as if they were overdrunk with the sense of success and accomplishment. Sam’s win evoked all those rare moments in life when all seems to be perfect and in its place; that is why the writer used the words, “life’s rare pinnacles of perfection” just to express that.
Have you also noticed how the writer uses a lot of word pictures to describe her reactions about people’s views regarding her husband’s involvement in the ironman race? One such word, a word picture is “flurry.” The word explains the immensity as well as the amount of excitement and frenzy of publicity generated by Sam’s attempt to be the iron man. This word is apt in describing the writer’s admiration for her husband’s feat and the publicity and excitement generated.
Let’s now focus on another text, let’s focus on how the extract reveals why people hate snakes as a result of the misconceptions they have about them. But notice how the writer arguably writes to endear us to the world of snakes and some of their very positive attributes. Let’s nibble at the text of the extract.
“In the United States, for example, public outcry based on fear and misinformation recently halted a scientifically sound conservation plan for timber rattlesnakes. Another project at the same location that involved releasing eagles was embraced by the community. Rattlesnakes are no less important than eagles. In fact, they may help reduce the incidence of Lyme disease, which affects thousands of people each year, by reducing the number of rodents that harbour this disease. But emotions override facts, it seems, where snakes are concerned. Snakes play an integral role in maintaining balance in the ecosystem – in most ecosystems on earth, snakes can be both predator and prey. When a large prey-population attracts and sustains a large snake population, those snakes become prey for birds, mammals and even other snakes! As predators, snakes keep prey-populations in balance. Snakes provide an easy, environmentally friendly, free and natural pest-control service. But snakes are worth saving not because of what they can do for us, but because of who they are. Snakes share many behaviours with us, behaviours we value. They have friends. They take care of their kids and even their friends’ kids too. Want to help us change how people view and treat snakes? Visit the World Snake Day website.”
While you were still reading, I hope you saw that this is a really captivating text. It focuses on the misconceptions and lack of information we have about snakes, which information gaps lead us into hating snakes without reason. True, snakes are predatory but they also serve an important function in balancing the ecological balance.
Snakes are not that bad, too; and like us humans, they make friends, protect their young ones and the young ones of their friends. Pretty amazing to learn that snakes, too, have friends.
So the point is that there are a lot of falsehoods and misconceptions about snakes and their true habits and functions within the ecological sphere. Often times, they are shown to be cruel, bloody predators that kill in cold-blood. But snakes are also victims from birth and other creatures. Snakes are a natural means to curb diseases which are brought about by rodents. Thus, snakes help in maintaining balance in the ecosystem. Snakes are relational and friendly.
Let’s now hone close-reading skills a little more. In the following extract, the writer beautifully describes her experiences of meeting snakes in their natural habitats in the rainforest and her excitement of seeing quite an exciting array of species. As you read, focus on the writer’s reaction to what she saw and how she is alive to the beautiful scenery around her and she captures that.
“Three hours later, returning from the trek, I felt bubbles of amazement and wonder rising. I’d seen gliding lizards fly effortlessly between trees, intricate dragonflies of infinite varieties and delicately etched, golden frogs. The overcast sky, saturated to the brim, had poured down heavily, drenching the forest, its native creatures, and the handful of humans who happened to be there. Thereafter began the frenzy of activities and sounds that engulfs the woods after a good rain – rhythmic sounds, musical, coordinated and orchestrated, and pleasantly deafening. Ah! My brimming heart and soothed soul enjoyed restful sleep in the tent that first night. Bonfires and loud music are prohibited to avoid any disturbance to animals and hygienic common bathrooms (with hot-water facilities) were appreciated. Everyone was expected to wash their own plates and glasses after every meal. We were encouraged to separate organic waste into the respective dustbins before retiring each night. All inorganic waste went back with you.”
You have picked words which convey meaning so aptly and beautifully. I liked the expression and the choice of words. The phrase, “bubbles of amazement” is so colourful and this is a word picture which shows or reflects the intensity of the writer’s excitement and frenzy at experiencing the tranquil and pleasant experience of being in a rainforest teeming with a vast array of species.
Here we are! Mastering close reading skills is a journey, but an exciting one, which allows you to immerse yourself in the text and allows you to feel all the juicy aspects of the text, as it were.
Vuso Mhlanga teaches at the University of Zimbabwe. For almost a decade and half he taught English language and Literature in English at high school. Send your comments and questions to: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The significance of BRICS for the African continent
In the pioneering work titled “Building Better Global Economic BRICs” (Global Economics Paper No: 66), Lord Jim O’Neill, then Chief Economist at Goldman Sachs, introduced the term BRICs, referring to the emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, and China. These nations’ economies were experiencing rapid growth, fuelling discussions about their potential to collectively shape the global economy by 2050. In the spirit of this vision, the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, and China convened for the first time in July 2006, on the sidelines of the G8 Outreach Summit in St Petersburg, Russia. This marked a pivotal moment in cementing the idea of forming a consortium of burgeoning economies.
Subsequently, the Foreign Ministers of these countries assembled in New York City in 2006 on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly and embraced the term “BRIC” as originally coined by Lord Jim O’Neill. On June 16, 2009, the inaugural ‘BRIC’ Summit was held in Yekaterinburg, Russia. Later, South Africa was granted full membership in September 2010 during a BRIC Foreign Ministers meeting on the fringes of the UN General Assembly. This led to the alteration of the acronym to BRICS. Building on this progress, South Africa participated in the Third BRICS Summit in Sanya, China, on April 14, 2011.
BRICS is firmly anchored in the principles of mutual respect, sovereign equality, inclusivity, consensus, and strengthened collaboration. The foundation of BRICS rests upon three pivotal pillars: political and security cooperation, financial and economic collaboration, and cultural and people-to-people exchanges. These pillars serve as a robust framework for guiding the alliance’s interactions and ensuring its enduring viability. This sentiment is particularly pronounced as the 15th BRICS Summit, slated for August 22-24, 2023, in Johannesburg, South Africa, convenes under the theme “BRICS and Africa: Partnership for Mutually Accelerated Growth, Sustainable Development, and Inclusive Multilateralism.”
Drawing from the World Bank data from 2022, the combined population of the five BRICS nations stands at 3.27 billion, constituting 41.1% of the global population. These countries’ cumulative Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for 2022 is valued at 25.92 trillion, accounting for 25.8% of the world’s GDP. In contrast, Africa’s total population across its 55 countries is estimated at 1.4 billion, representing 17.5% of the global population. Africa’s overall GDP amounts to approximately US$3.0 trillion, contributing 2.7% to the global GDP.
The African Development Bank’s African Economic Outlook for 2023, underscores Africa’s abundant natural resources — oil, gas, minerals, land, sunlight, wind, and biodiversity —whose potential remains largely untapped and undervalued. The report highlights Africa’s trillion-dollar investment potential in the climate and green growth sectors, offering a promising avenue for private sector involvement.
The UN Conference on Trade and Development’s (UNCTAD) BRICS Investment Report for 2023 reveals that the BRICS economies collectively account for 18% of global exports and approximately $250 billion in foreign direct investment outflows. Notably, the BRICS nations have emerged as significant investors in Africa, with a particular focus on industrial and service sectors, as confirmed by the Africa Development Bank’s Briefing Note titled “Africa and the BRICS: A Win-Win Partnership?” (2003).
Moreover, the BRICS countries have expanded their presence on the continent in terms of foreign direct investment, outpacing traditional partners such as the United States and Europe. This emphasis on harnessing natural resources and boosting agricultural production is also underscored by the UN Economic Commission for Africa’s (UNECA) Report “BRICS/Africa Partnership for Development” (2014).
Leveraging their substantial economic potential, the BRICS nations are optimally positioned to support Africa’s aspirations under the AU Agenda 2063. These countries play a pivotal role in driving investments in natural resource beneficiation, manufacturing, and industrialisation across the continent. They also provide strategic impetus for enhancing productivity and competitiveness, especially within the agricultural sector, through consistent investment efforts.
The emergence of the BRICS New Development Bank offers an alternative to the Western-dominated multilateral financial institutions, which have historically contributed to Africa’s infrastructure development at a gradual pace. This bank holds the promise of financing comprehensive infrastructure projects across the continent, thereby enhancing connectivity through rail, maritime, air routes, and information and communication technology — an aspiration cherished by the African populace.
A symbiotic partnership between Africa and BRICS has the potential to elevate Africa’s status as a significant player on the global stage. This partnership extends to bolstering Africa’s role in global governance structures, including institutions like the United Nations and Multilateral Financial Institutions. The expansion of BRICS to encompass additional nations, including those from Africa, is poised to inspire African countries to assume greater responsibility for funding their sustainable development endeavours.
This approach empowers African nations to form alliances with developed countries that squarely address the continent’s priorities for sustainable growth and economic transformation. Most notably, the BRICS initiative lays the foundation for a multipolar world, contrasting the prevailing unipolar influence exerted by the US and the G7 countries (Canada, France, Italy, Germany, Japan, UK, and the US). This envisioned multipolar world rests on principles such as mutual respect, sovereign equality, inclusiveness, consensus, and fortified collaborations. The International Monetary Fund, Economic Outlook (April, 2023) reveals that the population of the G7 countries is around 776.55 million representing 9.7% of the global population. The GDP for the G7 countries is around US$42.92 trillion representing around 30% of the world GDP.
In a recent interview with Africa Business in June 2023, Lord Jim O’Neill, the visionary behind BRICS, shared his perspective on the future of BRICS and its implications for Africa. He astutely remarked, “the notion that the group of seven ‘industrialised’ or ‘more developed’ or ‘early developed’ (G7) nations can single-handedly govern the world is disconcerting, given their diminishing share of the global GDP. Moreover, the G7 often finds itself aligned with the desires of Washington (US). How then can these select few address the world’s most pressing challenges? This predicament highlights the raison d’être behind my conception of BRICS: to advocate for a more effective global governance model than what the G7 offers.”
It is for these reasons that the enduring partnership between Africa and BRICS embodies a shared commitment to sustainable development, economic growth, and the transformation of global governance structures. The collaborative approach rooted in mutual benefit, respect, and a multi-polar perspective has the potential to reshape the global landscape, ensuring a more inclusive and prosperous future for all.
Advocate Batlokoa Makong is a seasoned diplomat currently working for the African Union. He writes in his personal capacity.
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