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‘See you in September’

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MASERU SPEAKER of Parliament, Sephiri Motanyane, has come under a barrage of attacks from MPs who accuse him of sabotaging their motion to topple Prime Minister Thomas Thabane.
MPs say his decision to adjourn parliament sine die (indefinitely) before the confidence motion is tabled indicates that he is trying to protect Thabane.
Motanyane however says there was no malice in his decision because the motion was defective and it’s “just coincidental” that it came when parliament was about to adjourn for the winter recess. In the following interview, Motanyane explains the reasoning behind his decision to block the motion and adjourn parliament.

We started by asking him what the adjournment means.

It was adjourned sine die, meaning that there is no definite date for its reopening. This was not a result of the initial motion which was suggesting an adjournment until September. Our Standing Orders say that you can adjourn parliament to the next working day, a later date or sine die. This adjournment is sine die.

Why sine die?

It’s normally used for longer adjournments like the ones for summer and winter. For winter, we adjourn from beginning of June to the beginning of September.

Are you saying the parliament will not reopen until September?

Yes, but it can be called before that. There is always a chance that it might be opened earlier or a little later than planned. If there are pressing issues that need the parliament’s attention, it will be opened. You always leave room for the unexpected.

What circumstances would force the parliament to open earlier?

There are a lot of issues. For instance, now we are dealing with reforms. So there could be legislation to be passed soonest regarding the reforms.

Who decides when the parliament will reopen?

Parliament is opened by the government in consultation with the Speaker.

Let’s turn to the drama that played out in parliament this week. What were the issues?

There was no drama. The issue was the so-called no confidence motion filed on June 5. Some MPs wanted to know the whereabouts of that motion. The reality is that the motion was not on the table because it was out of order. So it was not debated.
The person who filed the motion was warned days before that it will not be tabled because it was out of order. He was told the reasons for that.

What were those reasons?

The first reason is that he could not move a motion of no confidence because he is a member of the ruling government. The second reason is that the person suggested to become the prime minister (Sam Rapapa) if the incumbent loses the vote is still a member of the ruling party (ABC).
According to parliamentary practice a motion of no confidence is a convention that is supposed to be used by a leader of an opposition or coalition of opposition parties.

Why is there such a restriction?

It’s because the leader of the opposition or a coalition opposition parties represents a government-in-waiting. If he feels that the present government is failing Basotho he can move that motion because he is the alternative.

Where is that written in the Standing Orders or the constitution?

It’s according to parliament authorities. The procedural aspect appears in the authorities of parliament. The authority in this case is Erskine May. (Erskine May is a parliamentary authority originally written by British constitutional theorist and Clerk of the House of Commons, Thomas Erskine May).
But the motion was not only flawed in terms of procedure. It also failed the constitutional test, especially section 83.2 which states that the person appointed by the King to form a government should be a leader of a political party or a coalition of parties that commands the support of the majority of MPs.
The man suggested as the prime minister in the motion is still a member of the ABC which is ruling and is in the majority. He is not the leader of that party or any coalition.

So what was supposed to happen?

Well, he should have moved from the ABC to form an opposition party or joined an opposition party or formed a coalition of opposition parties that he can lead.
If he was leading any of those three and had the majority of MPs then he could be the right person to be suggested. In this case the person who makes the suggestion and the person suggested as the alternative are wrong.

You are said to have demanded a list of the MPs who support the motion. Why?

The numbers should be established. How can you go to the Council of State and say this person has the numbers to form the next government when you don’t have the numbers? How does the Council of State know that he has the numbers if there is no list of the MPs? When this government was formed numbers were known. You cannot assume. The numbers have to be known.

But the list is tantamount to a vote before the vote.

The list indicates the likely vote but is not the actual vote. It gives an indication of the numbers. In parliament the MPs sit according to their parties. The numbers are known. There is no guessing on how any vote will go. Members who cross the floor have to inform the Speaker.
And when they cross, the Speaker will make the announcement in parliament.

Are you therefore saying there is no way the motion will be tabled before September?

There is no way. We should remember that the motion was not time bound. So they have to wait until parliament opens. If they still want it tabled, then they will have to follow the correct procedure.

Some MPs have accused you of sabotaging the motion. They say you are in league with the government and therefore biased.

Yesterday (Monday) I proved them wrong because of what I said about the motion. They then asked that the constitutional issue be referred to the Attorney General for a legal opinion. We have done that. But the matter of procedure is closed.
If a motion is procedurally flawed it means it cannot be tabled. They can have the legal opinion on the constitutional issue but that doesn’t change the decision on procedure because I have ruled on that.
And no court can come in on that because the issue of parliamentary procedure is ours to decide.

How then do you explain that the parliament was adjourned at a time when there is such a crucial motion?

It’s purely just coincidental. It was moved during the normal course of business. Even without that motion, we were still going to adjourn for winter. That is the tradition. The truth is that those who moved the motion should have done it properly. They should have known what is required. The person who moved the motion was warned that the motion is defective.
There was time to rectify that mistake but that did not happen. I have been in the opposition before as an MP and we have moved such a motion. It’s nothing new. I have nothing against it. In fact, it’s a good tool to test the government but it should be done properly.

It would seem that the no confidence motion is now a potent weapon for the opposition. Would you say the opposition have other options to remove a government through parliament?

The trouble is that MPs have come to view the motion as a game changer. But procedurally you can use the motion without necessarily aiming to remove the government. This is because it allows the opposition parties in parliament to test the government’s strength.
It allows the opposition to criticise the government on many fronts. It is one motion in which you can include almost everything that you think the government is doing wrong.

Staff Reporter

 

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Lesotho’s own brandy

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ROMA-“Go, eat your food with rejoicing, and drink your wine with a cheerful heart, for already the true God has found pleasure in your works,” so says the Big Book.


Driven by that divine, Mohapi Pule has gone a step further – by coming up with a new type of brandy – to make you merry.
The brandy, Mountain Spels Brandy, will make the heart of the dying man rejoice.
“The healthy nutrients in fruits that make brandy, end up in you when you drink it,” he said.


Pule studied nutrition at the National University of Lesotho.
His brandy is made by fermenting fruits into wine. The wine is then distilled into a brandy. It carries the flavour and the aroma of the original fruits.


The story began when Pule was born in Quthing, Mphaki. He was born to a hardworking mother who brew traditional beer like no other.
“She brew beer well before I was born. She is still making it to this day,” he said.


His passion for brewing was probably “born” even before he was born. Mothers have a hidden way of passing not just their looks but their passions to their children.


As he grew up, he found that he was still intertwined with his mom’s brewing business in one way or another.
“Mostly, I am expected to fetch water for the brewing process. That, I still do to this day when I visit home,” he says.
Two decades later, Pule found himself in the Roma Valley, doing BSc in Nutrition.


“At some point, I found that I had lost purpose in life. There was not a thing that I could say, well, I was passionate about this thing or that thing.”
That situation, of course, threw him into some serious soul-searching.
It brought him back to his roots.


“During this period, I recalled that when I was younger, I used to imagine helping my mom do the packaging of the beer she was making and helping distribute it countrywide,” he said.

From a young age, the issue of subsistence business didn’t appeal to him. But that imagination came and passed. Now here he was, worried that he might not amount to anything in life.


Then, boom! An idea came!
What if he produced an alcoholic drink?

He could have thought about anything to do as a business but, lo and behold! He thought about his mother’s passion!


One of the things he loves about alcoholic beverages is that they are popular.

“I haven’t seen products as popular as alcoholic drinks,” he said.
He might be wrong or right but the reality is, the rest of the world has for generations found delight in alcoholic beverages – some to the extent of overdoing it to their injury!


“Mabele khunoana ralitlhaku thabisa lihoho. Mabele u tsoa kae e le khale re u batla re sa u thole? Ueeeena mabeeeele!” (Loosely translated beer brewed from sorghum make men happy. We’ve been looking for you from afar, you sorghum. In short, this is a praise poem for the Sesotho sorghum brew).
But then came the most difficult part. Which specific beverages should he focus on and how would he do it?


He decided that he would focus on ciders. He realised that not many people in Lesotho were making ciders.


He started experimenting at home and realized how difficult the process was. He just couldn’t get it right. To worsen matters, he also did not have the right equipment.

But like most successful innovators, he just knew that he had to start his business right away.


Pule says he then learnt about other forms of beverages: the spirits. Spirits are very high in alcohol content. Here we are talking the likes of whiskey, vodka and brandy.


He was particularly interested in vodka. He went into one NUL laboratory and, with necessary permission, began testing a number of spirits and doing a lot of research about them.


He began saving some of the money he earned from the National Manpower Development Secretariat in the form of student allowance so he could buy equipment. Saving was not easy. The subsistence money was already not that much. Having to share it with a business was asking a little too much.


But Pule was so determined that he did it, bought equipment that allowed him to develop what he thought was “vodka”.


However, after buying the equipment he immediately realised that the equipment was to make brandy not vodka.


“Now I was forced to get into brandy by chance,” he said.
It was a mistake that he has never regretted having realised that there are very few individuals who were making brandy in Lesotho.


Pule had to throw himself fully into experiments. He read books about brandy production. He even enrolled for an online course on distillation.
In the end, he began to see some light.

“I began to feel some difference in the taste of my produce,” he said. “When I shared my produce with my lecturers, they were over the moon!”
With that encouragement, Pule began packaging his brandy and is now selling it to family and friends.


“My small equipment means that I can’t produce much. However, If I were to get bigger equipment, things would be much better.”

Own Correspondent

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Ready-to-cook vegetables

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ROMA – ’MATUMANE Matela, a National University of Lesotho (NUL)-trained nutritionist, is an example of how a nutritionist should think and act.
Matela makes and sells ready-to-cook vegetables out of produce from her own farm or produce she preferably buys from local farms.
“When I make a dish, as a nutritionist, I make choices that ensure a typical package is packed with nutrition,” Matela said.

Today, we examine an interesting story of the lady who is determined to ensure that you eat healthy despite your busy schedule.
It started with her experiences in life.
She describes herself as an extremely busy woman.
She likes getting things done.
As the busy amongst us will say, the busier you become, the less you watch your diet.
She couldn’t escape the trap!

“My busy schedule meant that I ended up eating junk and I was gaining weight,” she said.
With time, she came to her senses.
As a nutritionist, she recalled that the best way to preach was to preach by example.
So, was she preaching what she practised?
Clearly, she wasn’t.
She had to find an option to maintain the busy schedule and eat healthy at the same time.

The beautiful thing about nutrition is that the healthiest foods are the closest to us: fruits and vegetables.
Some scientists even claim that our bodies seem to be designed to thrive on fruits and vegetables.
“Have you ever wondered why looking at a ripe raw peach on a tree is mouth-watering but looking at a fat cow isn’t?” asked one scientist.
Well, whether we were designed for fruits and vegetables or not, the truth is that they are good for our bodies.
That’s what good science tells us.

And we somehow “know it” too if you have heard about anything called intuition.
So one day she found herself increasingly eating fruits and vegetables.
It’s easier to change a religion than a diet, they say.
So it is commendable that she changed her diet at all.
“The idea was to chop as much vegetables as possible and put them in a fridge so that in future, I will just pull them out and cook.”
She wasn’t proposing something new.
Who amongst us doesn’t enjoy the convenience of just pulling up chopped frozen vegetables and cooking?

Little did she know that what she was doing was putting her on a path to a brilliant business.
It took a post on a social media to achieve just that.
“I took a pic of the chopped and packaged vegetables and posted them on my social media account. The reaction was swift. I began getting questions like, “how much?””
It immediately dawned on her that she could be sitting on a great business idea, after all.

So she gave it a try and started selling.
To her surprise, people started buying.
In fact, “I get orders for my products almost on a daily basis.”
That is how interested people really are.
This to an extent that her business now gets up to four irregular employees, she included, when the demand is high.
She said her training in Agriculture, Home Economics and Nutrition has helped her to give a thought into what she was doing.

For instance, where possible, she grows her own crops and sells them as first preference.
She has grown spinach, butternut, green pepper, onion, herbs and beans.
She is also in the process of renting more fields to grow more vegetables.
Then she empowers Basotho producers by requesting them to supply.
Going for foreign produce is the last resort.
Look at her packages and you realise something.
The “7 colours” proverb comes alive.

Those seven colours (several colours actually) may have been designed to appeal to your eyes but that is just the tip of the iceberg.
The colours of vegetables mean a lot in terms of nutrition.
Each colour gives you something different.
So, the more colours in one meal, the merrier.
To drive this home, let’s go a scientific route for a second.
Red, Blue and Purple: These vegetables contain substances that are good at reducing the risk of stroke, cancer and memory problems.
White: The likes of onion or garlic may help lower your risk of high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cancer and heart disease.

Orange and Yellow: Carrots immediately come to mind.
These vegetables contain substances called carotenoids which may help improve your immune system and help to improve the health of your eyes.
Basotho, it would appear, have long known a thing or two about the relationship between carrots and eyes.
Hence the famous saying, “o jele lihoete” (they ate carrots), often applied to good sportsmen or women with symbolically “good eyesight”.

Green: Green is life. Green vegetables come packed with chlorophyll, a chemical that scientists believe can boost your immune system, eliminate fungus in your body, clean your blood, lead to healthy intestines and give you boundless energy.
As a bonus, her Home Economics background is such that she is armed with a host of recipes for each of the packages she sells.
She has great dreams for the future.
“I want to see my products decorating the shelves of big supermarkets,” she said.
It’s time!

Own Correspondent

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A new, co-operative chain store

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ROMA – ’MAKUENA Lesiea is spearheading the creation of a cooperative chain store that will sell Lesotho products only.
The store is being developed under the National University of Lesotho (NUL) Innovation Hub and it will be incubated by the Hub.
“Have you seen it? Basotho are producing like never before,” Lesiea said.
“However, their products are hard to see in the markets. We want to change all that.”

The store, she said, will open branches in all districts of Lesotho, starting from Maseru.
Visit any supermarket in Lesotho and check the products on the shelves.
You will be shocked to realise that, in general, just one percent of them are made in Lesotho.
The other 99 percent comes from elsewhere.
Is it because Basotho are not producing or can’t produce at all?
Nope!

“Having worked directly with the NUL Innovation Hub and the Tsa Mahlale TV programme under the Hub, I have travelled the depth and breadth of Lesotho and I was amazed at the amount of work Basotho are doing,” she said.
What is the problem?
Basotho products are not given sufficient platforms to prove themselves.
“Credit where it is due, some shops are beginning to accept and sell Basotho products,” she said.

“However, they are barely making a dent because Basotho products, being at their infancy, cannot receive full attention unless by a store that is designed to give them full attention.”
Such a store doesn’t exist.

She said the idea is not to compete with any of the existing stores because “we are getting into a new territory altogether, we are addressing a different market”.
So listen to Lesiea as she presents some features of the store that will surely persuade you to join the bandwagon:

  1. Customer and producer confidence: The store, she said, will achieve two things.
    First, when they see masses of Lesotho-made products in one place, Basotho customers will slowly grow confidence in them.
    The confidence will shoot to the roof when the customers experience that many of the products made in Lesotho are already way ahead of foreign competitors in terms of quality.
    Secondly, the store will give Basotho producers an assurance that their products have, at least, one store that is willing to take them, dark or blue.
    More production will come from such assurance.
  2. Selling “everything”: The store will sell everything from fruits and vegetables to processed foodstuffs to clothing and building materials (if Thabure car will be in production by then, it will be on the shelves too).
    “Suppose what we want to sell is not locally made, we will never cross the border, any border, to find its equivalence. We will encourage Basotho to produce it until they do.”
  3. We mean business: whereas Basotho are beginning to produce, their products are still all over the place.
    You bump across them in some few willing stores, in expos and trade shows, or as being sold by individual resellers. Those are good efforts, but they are not enough. In fact, many in Lesotho have come to see producing and selling as being more of an art, a hobby, a therapy or a hustling than a business, “so we are seriously moving away from such a casual approach, we mean business this time around.”
  4. Ownership: So when you enter this store, you could be purchasing a product made by you in a store owned by you. What a difference!
  5. Reasonable standards: the store will only demand reasonable standards. As a struggling Mosotho, try taking your products to some of the local shops and you are, at worst, turned away without reason or, at best, given a long list of standards you must meet before they can take your product.
    “In our case, as long as your products are reasonably of good quality, you are in. NUL Innovation Hub is already testing many Basotho products. We won’t ignore quality, but we won’t use it as a way to prevent Basotho products from growing either.”
  6. A cooperative chainstore: From contributing as little as M50 per month, members will use a continuous financing model to ensure that the store doesn’t just end in Maseru but reaches the ten districts of Lesotho.
    Each branch will start at a medium scale in order to grow along with Basotho products. We won’t ask for investors to come from anywhere, “we will be investors ourselves.”
  7. An export launch pad. “We are often told to export our produce. The obvious question is, if you haven’t convinced your own people to consume your own products, how can you convince people in other lands to do so? Why should they take you seriously?”
    However, the store is not meant to be a local store forever.
    It will be a means by which we export our products to other countries in the future.
    When we export the store to Soweto, we export it along with products from Lesotho.
    Don’t say no because we have seen Chinese shops and Indian shops and, of course, South African shops, filled to the brim with Chinese products and Indian products and South African products in many countries.
    “If they can do it,” Lesiea ended, “so can we.”
    “Because if it is there in some of us, it is there in all of us.”

Own Correspondent

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