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Buried in plastic waste



MASERU -“WE are under attack by plastic pollution,” Maseru mayor Nthabeleng Ntšasa decried last Friday.
“The city is besieged,” she said, with a clear sense of alarm.
Ntšasa was talking about the rampant littering throughout the city.

“Plastics are the main problem… they are scattered all over,” she said at the unveiling of a project on sustainable plastic life-cycle management.
The project is a collaboration between the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Culture.
It is meant to complement the efforts of the government in encouraging behaviour change for responsible production and consumption patterns.
Ntšasa said keeping the city clean is one of the council’s top priorities, but the problem of plastic waste is refusing to go away.

“Take a moment and peer around, you will see how dependent we are on plastic. It has become an inescapable part of our lives,” Ntšasa said.
The bulk of the plastic waste finds its way into the environment, contaminating land, water and the entire food chain, she said, adding that the council has embarked on public awareness programmes to sensitise people about keeping a clean environment.

Betty Wabunoha, the UNDP resident representative, said the project should help build partnerships and advocacy on plastic life-cycle management.
“The project will promote behavioural change for responsible production, use and disposal of plastic in the country,” said Wabunoha.
The UNDP has also supported the implementation of innovative partnerships for a solid waste management project, she said.

The objective of that project was to support the development of financially sustainable and innovative public private partnerships for basic delivery of sustainable solid waste management services. These include waste collection, street sweeping and recycling within the city of Maseru.
A key problem for the disposal of plastic within the solid waste management cycle is, unlike food and paper waste which is biodegradable, plastics cannot be permanently eliminated from the environment when left to degrade in landfills.

Plastics take hundreds to thousands of years to break down into smaller fragments.
In an effort to curb the rampant plastic pollution, the private sector, with help from the UNDP, is pushing for a law that will require shops to pay a levy for issuing plastics bags to their customers.
The private sector also wants all plastic products levied.

The UNDP late last month said it aimed to work with people, government and the private sector to re-envision development for the 21st century through the Lesotho Accelerator Labs (a global project).
The UN agency said the project is aimed at creating new capabilities for decision-makers to explore and grow portfolios of mutually-reinforcing solutions against environmental degradation.

It also seeks to deal with the economic impact of plastic bags, with a focus on strengthening partnerships on sustainable plastic life-cycle management.
The UNDP Deputy Resident Representative, Nessie Golakai-Gould, said the agency recognises the private sector as a key partner to the achievement of the universally adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
“The role of the private sector in the production and use of plastics cannot be overemphasised therefore making it even more critical in the re-engineering of new relationships with plastics,” she said.

Golakai-Gould warned that “we all cannot ignore the terrible trajectory of plastic life on our environment,” adding that “the aim here is not to ban plastics but to encourage a more sustainable use of plastic.”
The Deputy Principal Secretary for the Ministry of Tourism, Environment and Culture, Moliehi Ntene, said that the inappropriate management of plastic shopping bag waste in Lesotho is becoming a serious environmental issue.

“The inefficiency of solid waste collection system, lack of legislation and inappropriate waste disposal infrastructure amongst others have significantly contributed to pollution,” said Ntene.
Ntene said he hoped the partnership with the UNDP would spur the country into action, noting that the project is “at the heart of the Environmental Department”.

“The ministry is hopeful that the solid waste management will soon become history as the ministry is working hard to ensure regulation of plastic,” Ntene said.
Representative of retail chain, Clicks, ’Maneo Nyakane, said many clients tend to overlook the eco-friendly bags and complain when the store charges them for plastic bags.

Samuel Mphana from Pick n Pay said he hoped the project would not remain a paper tiger.
“The same project was proposed back in 2003 to no avail, regardless of the underlying issues. I hope this time it will bring results,” Mphana said.
A representative of the Chinese Association in Lesotho, Barry Gu, said his EasyGas company situated in Semphetenyane in Maseru manufactures eco-friendly bags for grocery store customers.

Barry said the bags waste naturally within two years, while plastics take hundreds of years to decompose.
“The government should subsidise eco-bags that will waste naturally in two years, unlike plastic that lasts 200 years,” Barry said.
He added that unlike neighbouring countries, Lesotho imports eco-friendly shopping bags that are sold expensively, yet there are factories with over 200 employees that can make similar bags locally.

Rosalia Tšemane & Margaret Katimbo



City Council bosses up for fraud



THREE senior Maseru City Council (MCC) bosses face charges of fraud, theft, corruption and money laundering.

Town clerk Molete Selete and consultant Molefe Nthabane appeared in the Maseru Magistrate’s Court yesterday.

City engineer Matsoso Tikoe did not appear as he was said to be out of the country. He will be arraigned when he returns.

They are charged together with Kenneth Leong, the project manager of SCIG-SMCG-TIM Joint Venture, the company that lost the M379 million Mpilo Boulevard contract in January.

The joint venture made up of two Chinese companies, Shanxi Construction Investment Group (SCIG) and Shanxi Mechanization Construction Group (SMCG), and local partner Tim Plant Hire (TIM), has also been charged.

Selete and Nthabane were released on bail of M5 000 and surety of M200 000 each. Leong was granted bail of M10 000 and surety of M400 000 or property of the same value.

The charges are a culmination of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Offences (DCEO) investigation that has been going on for the past months or so.

The prosecution says Selete, Nthabane, Tikoe, and Leong acted in concert as they intentionally and unlawfully abused the functions of their offices by authorising an advance payment of M14 million to a joint-venture building the Mpilo Boulevard.

An advance payment guarantee is a commitment issued by a bank to pay a specified amount to one party of a contract on-demand as protection against the risk of the other party’s non-performance.

The prosecution says the payment was processed after the company had provided a dubious advance payment guarantee. It says the officials knew that the guarantee was fake and therefore unenforceable.

As revealed by thepost three weeks ago, SCIG and SMCG were responsible for providing the payment guarantee as lead partners in the joint venture.

The prosecution says the MCC was required by law to make advance payment after SCIG-SMCG-TIM Joint Venture submitted a guarantee as per the international standards on construction contracts.

It alleges that the MCC has now lost the M14 million paid to SCIG-SMCG-TIM Joint Venture because of the fake advanced guarantee.

thepost has seen minutes of meetings in which officials from the joint venture admitted to MCC officers that the advance payment guarantee was dubious.

SCIG-SMCG-TIM kept promising to provide a genuine guarantee but never did. Yet the MCC officials did not report the suspected fraud to the police or take any action against the company.

It was only in January this year that the MCC cancelled the contract on the basis that the company had failed to provide a genuine guarantee.

Despite receiving the advance payment SCIG and SMCG refused to pay TIM Joint Venture for the initial work.

SCIG and SMCG, the lead partners in the joint venture, are reportedly suing the MCC to restore the contract. Officials from TIM Plant Hire however say they are not aware of their partners’ lawsuit against the MCC.

Staff Reporter

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Scott fights for free lawyer



DOUBLE-MURDER convict Lehlohonolo Scott is fighting the government to pay a lawyer to represent him in his appeal.
Scott, serving two life sentences for murdering Kamohelo Mohata and Moholobela Seetsa in 2012, says his efforts to get a state-sponsored lawyer have been repeatedly frustrated by the Registrar of the High Court, Advocate ’Mathato Sekoai.
He wants to appeal both conviction and sentence.
He has now filed an application in the High Court seeking an order to compel Advocate Sekoai to appoint a lawyer to represent him.
He tells the court that he is representing himself in that application because the Registrar has rejected his request to pay his legal fees or appoint a lawyer for him.
People who cannot fund their own legal costs can apply to the Registrar for what is called pro deo, legal representation paid for by the state.
Scott says Sekoai has told him to approach Legal Aid for assistance.
The Legal Aid office took a year to respond to him, verbally through correctional officers, saying it does not communicate directly with inmates.
The Legal Aid also said he doesn’t qualify to be their client.
“I was informed that one Mrs Papali, if I recall the name well, who is the Chief Legal Aid counsel, had said that Legal Aid does not communicate with inmates so she could not write back to me,” Scott says.
“Secondly, they represent people in minor cases. Thirdly, they represent indigent people of which she suggested I am not one of them.”
“Fourthly, there are no prospects of success in my case hence they won’t assist me.”
He says the Legal Aid’s fifth reason was that he has been in jail for a long time.
Scott is asking the High Court to set aside Sekoai’s decision and order her to facilitate pro deo services for him, saying her decision was “irregular, irrational, and unlawful”.
He argues that the Registrar’s role was to finance his case to finality, meaning up to the Court of Appeal.
The Registrar insists that the arrangement was to provide him a lawyer until his High Court trial ended.
Scott says his lawyer, Advocate Thulo Hoeane, who was paid by the state, had promised to file an appeal a day after his sentencing but he did not.
He argues that the Registrar did not hear him but arbitrarily decided to end pro deo.
Scott says he wrote to Acting Chief Justice ’Maseforo Mahase in 2018 soon after his conviction and sentencing seeking assistance but he never received any response.
Later, he wrote to Chief Justice Sakoane Sakoane in November 2020 and he received a response through Sekoai who rejected his request.
Scott tells the High Court that he managed to apply to the Court of Appeal on his own but the Registrar later told him, through correctional officers, that “the Court of Appeal does not permit ordinary people to approach it”.
He argues that “where justice or other public interest considerations demand, the courts have always departed from the rules without any problem”.
Staff Reporter

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Army ordered to pay up



THE Ombudsman has asked parliament to intervene to force the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) to compensate families of people killed by soldiers.
Advocate Tlotliso Polaki told parliament, in two damning reports on Monday, that the LDF is refusing to compensate the family of Lisebo Tang who was shot dead by soldiers near the former commander, Lieutenant General Tlali Kamoli’s home in 2014.

The LDF, she said, is also refusing to compensate the family of Molapo Molapo who was killed by a group of soldiers at his home in Peka, Ha-Leburu in 2022.

Advocate Polaki wrote the LDF in January last year saying it should pay Tang’s mother, Makhola Tang, M300 000 “as a reasonable and justifiable redress for loss of support”.

The Tang family claim investigation started in February 2022 and the LDF responded that it “had undertaken the responsibility for funeral expenses and other related costs”.

Advocate Polaki investigated whether the LDF could be held accountable for Tang’s death and whether his family should be compensated while the criminal case is pending.

She found that the soldiers were “acting within the scope of their employment to protect the army commander and his family” when they killed Tang.

Soldiers killed Tang in Lithabaneng while she was in a parked car with her boyfriend at what the army termed “a compromising spot” near the commander’s residence.

The three soldiers peppered the vehicle with a volley of shots, killing Tang and wounding the boyfriend.

Advocate Polaki found that the army arranged to pay for the funeral costs and to continue buying groceries and school needs for Tang’s daughter.

The LDF, however, kept this for only four years but abruptly stopped.

When asked why it stopped, the army said “there is a criminal case pending in court”.

The army also said it felt that it would be admitting guilt if it compensated the Tang’s family.

The Ombudsman said “a civil claim for pecuniary compensation lodged is not dependent on the criminal proceedings running at the same time”.

“The LDF created a legitimate but unreasonable expectation and commitments between themselves and the complainant which had no duration attached thereto and which showed a willingness to cooperate and work harmoniously together,” Advocate Polaki found.

“The LDF was correct in withdrawing such benefit in the absence of a clear policy guideline or order to continue to offer such benefit or advantage,” she said.

“However, she should have been consulted first as the decision was prejudicial to her interest.”

She said the army’s undertaking “fell short of a critical element of duration and reasonability”.

Tang was a breadwinner working at Pick ’n Pay Supermarket as a cleaner earning M2 000 a month.

Her daughter, the Ombudsman said, is now in grade six and her school fees alone had escalated to M3 200 per year.

She said an appropriate redress should be premised on her family’s loss of income and future loss of support based on her salary and the prejudice suffered by her mother and daughter.

She said M300 000 is “a reasonable and justifiable redress for loss of support”.

In Molapo’s case, Advocate Polaki told parliament that the LDF refused to implement her recommendations to compensate his two daughters.

The complainant is his father, Thabo Joel Molapo.

The Ombudsman told the army in August last year that it should pay the girls M423 805 “for the negligent death of their father”.

Advocate Polaki said despite that the criminal matter is before the court, “it is established that the Ombudsman can assert her jurisdiction and make determinations on the complaint”.

Molapo, 32, was brutally murdered by a soldier in Peka in December 2020.

Molapo had earlier fought with the soldier and disarmed him.

The soldier, the Ombudsman found, rushed to Mokota-koti army post to request backup to recover his rifle. When he returned with his colleagues, they found him hiding in his house. The soldier then shot Molapo.

The LDF, the Ombudsman said, conceded that the soldier killed Molapo while on duty and that he had been subjected to internal disciplinary processes.

“The LDF is bound by the consequences of the officer’s actions who was negligent and caused Molapo’s death,” she said.

She found that after Molapo was killed, army officers and the Minister of Defence visited his family and pledged to pay his children’s school fees. They also promised to hire one of his relatives who would “cater for the needs of the deceased’s children going forward”.

The LDF, she said, has now reneged on its promises saying its “recruitment policy and legal considerations did not allow for such decision to be implemented”.

Molapo’s father told the Ombudsman that the LDF said “the undertakings were not implementable and were made by the minister at the time just to console the family”.

All the payments in the two cases, the Ombudsman has asked parliament, should be made within three months.

Staff Reporter

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