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Lesotho angers SADC



MASERU – A delegation from Lesotho came under fierce attack at a SADC meeting in Pretoria on Tuesday for failing to pass the Reforms Bill. The dressing down happened at the Ordinary Meeting of the Ministerial Committee of the SADC Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Cooperation.

In the Lesotho delegation that faced the heat were the Minister of Defence Halebonoe Setsabi, Police Minister Lepota Sekola, Minister of Foreign Affairs ‘Matsepo Molise-Ramakoae and Army Commander Lieutenant General Mojalefa Letsoela.

At one point the meeting had to be adjourned for the Lesotho delegation to call back to Maseru to find out if there was any progress on the promise to recall parliament to pass the reforms Bill.

These sensational details of the heated meeting were revealed to thepost by several people who were in the meeting. A source said the Lesotho delegation appeared taken aback by SADC’s aggressive and uncompromising position. The source said at one point SADC threatened to kick the delegation out of the meeting.

The delegation, the sources said, left the meeting with two ultimatums it was instructed to deliver to the government. The first is that the reforms should be passed before the October elections without fail. The second, the source said, was that Lesotho will face serious consequences if the reforms are not passed.

“They said Lesotho will be barred from future SADC meetings unless the reforms are passed,” the source said.

“They said Lesotho should not bother attending the SADC Heads of State meeting next month if the reforms Bill is not passed”.

The Principal Secretary of Foreign Affairs, Thabo Motoko, confirmed that SADC was livid about Lesotho’s failure to pass the reforms.

“SADC, like other organisations that assisted us, was angry with us. It was very angry,” Motoko said.

He refuted claims that SADC threatened to kick the delegation out of the meeting. He however said Lesotho promised SADC that it will do everything in its power to pass the reforms before the elections.

Last night, Deputy Prime Minister Mathibeli Mokhothu and leaders of all political parties in parliament were locked in a crisis meeting at the old State House in an attempt to build consensus on the proposal to reopen parliament to pass the Bill.

The meeting, which started at 7pm, came as pressure mounts on Lesotho to pass the reforms Bill which failed to pass last Wednesday when parliament was dissolved while still dealing with amendments suggested by the Senate.

Their mad rush to beat the 12pm deadline however came to naught, triggering a crisis that has embarrassed Lesotho locally, regionally and internationally. The Senate sent some of the amendments to parliament at around 11:35pm on Wednesday after a marathon debate punctuated with garrulous disagreement on what to include in the final Bill.

Other amendments arrived at parliament a few minutes before the deadline. thepost has been told that those amendments were sent by email and parliament struggled to open them.

As the MPs trooped out of parliament in the wee hours of the morning it became apparent that their failure would set off a major crisis. Some openly debated if the situation could still be salvaged by recalling parliament to pass the amendments. The real impact of their spectacular failure is still being felt amid angry reactions from SADC leaders and diplomats.

President Cyril Ramaphosa’s envoy to Lesotho, Justice Dikgang Moseneke, who has been pushing the reforms, was said to have been enraged after hearing of the fiasco in parliament last Thursday morning. So was President Ramaphosa who was forced to cancel his trip to Lesotho to celebrate the reforms.

On Thursday morning parliament’s public relations office and the government were scrambling to inform diplomats and the media about the cancellation.

But that was only the smaller part of the crisis that had been triggered the previous night. Government officials and MPs were fielding calls from some diplomats, including those from SADC, on how they would deal with the situation.

Although there is a consensus that parliament has to be recalled to pass the Bill, there is no agreement on how that can be done. Law Minister Lekhetho Rakuoane has said the government is considering advising the king to recall parliament for a few days under the State of Emergency clause in the constitution.

The trouble, however, is that the failure to pass a Bill is not classified as an emergency under the constitution. The clause deals with emergencies like war or natural disasters. thepost understands that Attorney General Advocate Rapelang Motsieloa has been asked to give an opinion on the legality of recalling parliament.

Some MPs are said to have reached out to their counterparts in the United Kingdom’s parliament for advice on how they would handle a similar situation. Apart from facing the wrath of SADC and possible censure, Lesotho also has to deal with a backlash from other quarters.

At its meeting this week, Cabinet was informed that the United States was threatening to pull the plug on the M4.5 billion Compact unless Lesotho passes the reforms before the election. The compact was granted on the condition that Lesotho passed the reforms.

A group of Senators met the European Union Head of Delegation, Ambassador Paola Amadei, on Monday afternoon to discuss the reforms. Although disappointed, the EU is the least vocal of Lesotho’s development partners.

It has however been the biggest funder of the reforms, giving nearly M45 million to the process over the past two years. Intense lobbying over the recalling of parliament has continued over the past seven days.

The Lesotho Council of NGOs (LCN) has also offered to mediate the crisis. It will meet leaders of political parties today. Yesterday, a group of lawyers added their voice to the debate about reopening the parliament (See sidebar for their opinion)

Majara Molupe


Government is broke



… Borrows M500m to pay salaries
MASERU – THE government is so broke that it had to borrow a staggering M500 million to pay civil servants’ salaries.
thepost can reveal that the money was borrowed through Treasury Bills from the local market this week.
The borrowing spree comes as the government is battling to pay salaries and suppliers due to a massive drop in tax revenues.
It comes as Prime Minister Moeketsi Majoro’s government is left with two weeks in office.
But those few days left on its tenure have not stopped the government from making plans to borrow more money from the local market.
Highly placed sources told this paper of plans to issue more Treasury Bills in the next two weeks to raise money to pay suppliers.
A source however said there is some reluctance from some technocrats in the Ministry of Finance who believe the government’s books and financial control systems are so shambolic that it doesn’t know exactly how much it owes the private sector.
The arrears fluctuate every day but this paper understands that the government owes between M800 million and M1 billion to the suppliers.
Although the government has been grappling with the financial crisis for the past few years the crunch began to bite this year.
Sources say this month has been particularly terrible for the government.
By last week, a source said, the government had only M150 million for salaries. The total public wage bill is around M600 million.
This explains why the government had to borrow half a billion this week through treasury bills issued by the Central Bank of Lesotho.
The money arrived in the government’s account yesterday afternoon according to sources privy to the transaction.
The government has options to pay the debt in three, six, nine or 12 months. But given its precarious financial position, the government is likely to opt for the 12 months.
This means the debt will be paid on September 21 next year at about 7.8 percent interest. That translates to an interest of M39 million which brings the amount to M539 million.
The latest borrowing pushes the government’s domestic debt to M4.3 billion.
The foreign debt is around M15.6 billion. Although the debt is moderate, the government might be forced to borrow more if revenues continue to drop.
That could spell disaster for the country.
As things stand the government has to cut expenditure or look for ways to generate more revenue.
But with the economy still smarting from the effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and companies shutting down, there doesn’t seem to be much wiggle room.
Donor fatigue and the drop in the Southern African Customs Union, once the anchor of Lesotho’s budget, have made things worse.
Cutting expenditure seems to be the only option but the government appears reluctant to bite the bullet.
Lesotho has consistently failed to implement the International Monetary Fund (IMF)’s recommendation to cut the wage bill.
Successive ministers have hinted at plans to retrench some government employees but have never implemented them because that has political implications.
There are signs that the chickens are eventually coming home to roost.
A few days ago Government Secretary Lerotholi Pheko issued a circular announcing a raft of measures to “contain expenditure and overdue payments for ministries, departments and agencies”.
Pheko said due to increasing expenditure pressures and a drop in revenue the government is implementing measures that will contain expenditure to levels that are aligned with available resources.
“The Ministry of Finance will continue to issue monthly warrants only for wages and salaries as well as essential and critical expenditures in line with the approved procurement and cash plans plus availability of funds,” Pheko said.
He ordered chief accounting officers to stop international travel, buying furniture, large maintenance, subsistence allowances, and hiring new staff.
Also, all vehicles other than VVIPS will not fuel more than once a week unless they are for essential services as authorised by the government.
All government vehicles other than for VVIPs and selected offices must be parked at their designated places by 5pm and shall be used only for authorised purposes, Pheko said.
Nkheli Liphoto

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We’ll gang up against RFP, says Rapapa



MASERU – Lesotho’s biggest political parties have hatched a grand plan to throttle the Revolution for Prosperity (RFP) led by Sam Matekane.
The plot was revealed by the All Basotho Convention (ABC) chairman Sam Rapapa at an election rally held in Mashai constituency last Friday.
He said even if the RFP makes it into parliament, they will make sure that it would not be part of the next government.
The plan, Rapapa said, is to “keep the RFP leader Sam Matekane at least as the leader of opposition, with no party to cobble up a coalition government”.
He said Matekane’s “dream of becoming a government alone is practically impossible because” the ABC, the Movement for Economic Change (MEC), the Democratic Congress (DC), and the Basotho Action Party (BAP) “will gang up to sabotage him”.
Rapapa spoke as he appealed to ABC members not to join the RFP which he said will not form a government or be in the next coalition government.
“These big parties will gang up against him (Matekane) and he will not be part of the government,” he said.
Rapapa wondered out loud why anyone would therefore want to leave the ABC to join the RFP.
“We will do everything to stop Matekane from getting into the government,” Rapapa said.
He urged Basotho to analyse critically which parties are likely to form the next government so they vote wisely on October 7.
“Both ABC and DC are likely to form a coalition government,” Rapapa said.
He said although he would in the past viciously attack the DC, he had since toned down after the two parties formed a coalition government in 2020.
In a lighthearted moment, Rapapa compared the political landscape in Lesotho to that of a child who runs away from his home to a neighbour’s house because the head of that house has arrived home with stolen wors.
Rapapa said people who are claiming they are leaving the ABC because it is engulfed in conflicts are lying.
Instead, he said the conflicts are in the RFP which has been battling numerous court battles as party members fight to represent the party in the general election.
“There is no peace in Moruo,” Rapapa said. “There is a fight that is going on in the RFP.”
Moruo, which means wealth, is the RFP’s slogan.
Rapapa urged the members to either vote for the DC or the ABC as there is peace and direction in those parties.
After the election, Rapapa said they will tell Maketane to stand in the corner with his people and a few constituencies.
He said Matekane is going to lead the opposition because they had discussed amongst themselves that he is a businessman and he should go back to business.
“We gave you a job to build roads, (but) you leave them with potholes and join politics,” Rapapa said.
He said Matekane is likely to only qualify as an MP and not a Prime Minister.
The ABC secretary general, Lebohang Hlaele, however distanced himself from Rapapa’s statement this week.
He said the party is busy campaigning to win next month’s election to form the next government and has not yet pronounced itself on any coalition deals.
“We have not planned to do anything about Matekane as the ABC National Executive Committee,” Hlaele said.
The ABC leader Nkaku Kabi told another rally in Thaba-Bosiu that “it is still premature as to which parties we would align ourselves with after the election”.
He said there are some parties that had been approaching the ABC to discuss coalition possibilities but they have not sat down to decide to cobble up any coalition agreements with any of them.
“Our committee has never met any party to discuss the formation of a coalition government after the election,” Kabi said.
Kabi said the matter should not trigger any ruckus in the party.
Nkheli Liphoto

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Stunning details of how Matela died



 MASERU – A witness has revealed shocking details of how ’Mahlompho Matela died.
Lekhooa Monaleli told the court that ’Mahlompho told her that she had been strangled.
Monaleli was testifying this week in the trial of Qamo Matela who is accused of the murder of his wife ’Mahlompho.
Monaleli was friends with the couple.
He was testifying before High Court judge, Justice Tšeliso Mokoko, last Thursday.
Monaleli said he went to the couple’s home after Qamo Matela had told him that his wife was not feeling well and he needed help to take her to hospital.
Monaleli said he found ’Mahlompho and Qamo on the bathroom floor. He said ’Mahlompho was sitting between Qamo’s thighs while their children were in the lounge.
Monaleli said Mahlompho looked “tired and helpless”.
“I helped the accused to lift (his wife) and carried her to the car,” Monaleli said.
He said Qamo had thrust a spoon into ‘Mahlompho’s mouth to stop her from biting her tongue.
“I noticed that something might have happened to the deceased (‘Mahlompho) apart from her being ill,” he said.
“What I picked from the deceased was that her eyes showed that she had been assaulted.”
“I kept quiet because this hit me hard,” Monaleli said.
They drove to Willies Hospital in Khubetsoana.
At the hospital, Qamo left them in the car as he went to fetch a wheelchair for ‘Mahlompho.
Monaleli said this gave him a chance to ask ’Mahlompho what happened.
Monaleli said ’Mahlompho told him that Qamo had assaulted and strangled her.
“I asked the deceased why she did not call for help when what happened. The response was that the accused was strangling her.”
Monaleli said ’Mahlompho told him that Qamo had strangled him for a long time.
The court heard that later on the same day, after helping the couple to the hospital and back, Monaleli sent Qamo a voice note on WhatsApp telling him that he had ruined his day.
Monaleli said he later went to the couple’s house with his wife but they could not see ’Mahlompho because they were told that she was still asleep after taking her medication.
Monaleli said seeing that his friend’s family needed help, he arranged for them to see a psychologist.
The crown’s second witness Rorisang Mofolo, ’Mahlompho’s sister, said she received a call on September 4 last year from Qamo telling her that ’Mahlompho had fainted four times.
Mofolo said Qamo told her that he suspect ’Mahlompho might have a heart problem but she was now feeling better after giving her some sugar.
“He also told me that they were waiting for a car to take them to Willies Hospital,” Mofolo said.
“After our conversation with the accused (Qamo) I called my nurse friend to ask about the temperature change issue, she said it might be Covid-19 so the deceased should get tested,” she said.
She said every time she tried to call ’Mahlompho the phone would be picked by Qamo who would speak on her behalf.
Mofolo said during a video call with ’Mahlompho, in Qamo’s absence, she noticed that she had bruises on her face.
She said ’Mahlompho told her she had fainted three times.
Mofolo said she was relieved after Qamo gave him the impression that ’Mahlompho was recovering but was shocked when Monaleli called and insisted that she goes to see her sister.
She said in their telephone conversation ’Mahlompho said she was “trapped in a hell of a marriage…this man is a psycho”.
Mofolo said ’Mahlompho told her that at one point Qamo had helped her pack her belongings and that of the children so they could leave but suddenly changed his mind and said she would not leave with the children.
She testified that ’Mahlompho said Qamo started assaulting and choking her, saying she refused to give his mother M20 yet she had M30 000 in her bank account.
Mofolo said ’Mahlompho was later taken to  Maseru hospital which quickly referred her to Bloemfontein where she died a few days later.
She said when a nurse at the Bloemfontein hospital called her to break the news of ’Mahlompho’s death she advised her to go to the police to open a murder case.
She reported the case at the Mabote police station.
She said when she arrived at the couple’s house she found Qamo crying in the bedroom.
Mofolo said Qamo said: “I am very sorry, please promise me that you will be there for me and the kids and that we will plan the funeral together”.
Mofolo said she did not reply but she went out.
Tholoana Lesenya

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