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Pushing dream of reunification




KORO-KORO – FOR decades, the question of Lesotho being part of South Africa has stubbornly refused to go away. As the country readies for the 2022 general elections, the leader of the Alliance For Free Movement (AFM), Tšoanelo Ramakeoane, is reigniting the contentious and sometimes divisive issue.

Ramakeoane, who grew up believing in the Basutoland Congress Party (BCP) doctrine of claiming Lesotho’s annexed territories, now says in his party manifesto Lesotho should join South Africa.

The former MP for the Lesotho Congress for Democracy (LCD), which carried forward the BCP’s philosophy of Basotho’s right to Free State and other parts of South Africa, is not a new face in the politics of this country. His involvement in political affairs started when he enrolled for tertiary education in 2002.

“Initially, I began developing an interest in politics following the BCP, around the time when the LCD was about to split from it (in 1997),” Ramakeoane said.

“Having been born in Tsoelike, I was always attending constituency gatherings organised by the party. It was only in 2002 when I became fully engaged in politics at the National University of Lesotho,” he said.

Ramakeoane assumed a leadership role and spearheaded, with other comrades, the formation of the university congress parties’ movement named LEVOSA. Later he became the LCD national youth league leader. He became an MP between 2012 and 2015 on the LCD ticket.

As splits continued ravishing the LCD, Ramakeoane aligned with the party’s factions. Ramakeoane eventually defected together with the party’s secretary general to found the Movement for Economic Change (MEC) in 2017.

Again in the MEC, differences led to squabbles that resulted in him forming a new political party, the AFM in 2020. He said what triggered the formation of AFM was his bid to fix the country’s economy through joining South Africa.

“I joined politics of this country optimistic that I would effect change and enhance the general livelihood of Basotho. But it wasn’t to be as a result of circumstances beyond the country’s control,” he said.

“I have been in the system and learned that it’s impossible for Lesotho to attain true economic prosperity and liberty if it’s not part of South Africa.”

Ramakeoane says what is happening on the ground “are false politics and giving people wrong hope that Lesotho can make it on its own”.

Ramakeoane states that “the only honest answer” to Lesotho’s problems is in the hands of the AFM “as we seek to give Lesotho everlasting prosperity by making it part of South Africa”. The AFM, he said, is formed by people of different political persuasions, including those who have been neutral in politics.

“Upon realisation that the current landscape of politics in the country is fruitless, we came from diverse backgrounds and formed the AFM.”

Ramakeoane defected from the MEC, his deputy is from the Democratic Congress (DC), the secretary general is from the MEC also the spokesperson is from the BCP and the deputy spokesman is from the All Basotho Convention (ABC).

The majority of the party’s followers are migrant workers who are based in South Africa and the party has committees in all provinces of South Africa and in all of Lesotho districts, according to Ramakeoane.

“The only way to successfully execute the mission (of joining South Africa) was to form a political party strictly oriented for it,” he said.

The existence of Lesotho as part of South Africa can be traced back to pre-colonial Africa, he said. Lesotho had co-existed with other chiefdoms in South Africa, each existing as a separate nation, he said. However these chiefdoms enjoyed unlimited interaction as there were no actual borders separating them.

The rift that set Lesotho apart from these nations, which later formed the Union of South Africa, present day South Africa, only emerged under the colonial rule which was later reinforced by the Berlin Conference of 1884.

“The urge for joining South Africa is just a rebirth of what existed before,” he said.

Ramakeoane said even after the formation of South Africa as a unified state, there had been calls for Lesotho to join “but our leaders could not cooperate as it was not for their personal benefit”.

“We are now left suffocating in a locked country to the advantage of a few privileged individuals.”

He said Basotho cannot access anything from the outside world without the involvement of South Africa, “which makes it absolutely ineffective to keep on operating as an independent state”.

“We are in a state of famine and economic instability due to being completely surrounded by another country.”

He said the unification of Lesotho with South Africa would not only yield economic benefits but also restore Basotho social ties that were broken by colonialism.

“The population of Basotho in Lesotho is around two million. But in a broader outlook there are more than six million Basotho in South Africa who are offsprings of Basotho conquered in the Napier and Aliwal North Treaty as well as those who migrated,” he said.

“We can no longer continue to remain a labour reserve for South Africa. We need to take part in being one with them for our social and economic benefit,” said Ramakeoane.

He said the South African government “has always been ready” for Lesotho to be incorporated into South Africa.

“It’s just that Basotho have not made up their minds on this issue. It’s our inflexible leaders who have been holding us back”.

“It’s high time that this issue is addressed without fear or favour and Lesotho becomes part of South Africa. South Africa supports this move hundred percent but due to international relations, it cannot initiate the move. We have to.”

Calvin Motekase

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Deadlock over reforms



MASERU – THE government’s plan to use state of emergency powers to recall parliament to pass the reforms faces serious resistance from the opposition and legal experts.
A marathon meeting this week to build consensus on the use of state of emergency powers to recall parliament could not break the impasse.

The deadlock comes as Lesotho is reeling under pressure from the international and regional community to pass the reforms. SADC, which instigated and part-funded the reforms, has promised Lesotho hell if the reforms are not passed.

The United States might pull the plug on its recently approved M4 billion development aid to Lesotho. The African Union is said to have registered its disappointment with the government and insisted that the reforms be passed.

The EU, which contributed generously to the reforms process, is not playing the ‘carrot and stick’ game but gently pushing the government to find a way to complete the reforms.

Law Minister Lekhetho Rakuoane told a meeting of political parties yesterday that the government will soon discuss how Prime Minister Moeketsi Majoro can request the Council of State to advise the king to recall parliament to pass the reforms.

Rakuoane, a lawyer by profession, is still cautiously optimistic that it’s possible to use the state of emergency powers for the King to recall parliament.

That interpretation is however being rejected by some in the government and the opposition who believe the failure to pass the reforms is not an emergency.

The constitution defines a state of emergency as a war or a monumental threat to Lesotho’s sovereignty or life.

Monyane Moleleki, the Alliance of Democrats (AD)’s leader, told the meeting that he doesn’t believe the reforms constitute an emergency that justifies recalling parliament.

“In general, it is unthinkable to recall a National Assembly which was dissolved constitutionally, officially or formally by His Majesty the King,” Moleleki said.

“The country finds itself in a difficult situation. Lesotho is constitutionally in a predicament and some urge us to consider the predicament an emergency.”

“Actually, there is no state of emergency in Lesotho today but just a predicament,” he said.

Even if the government goes ahead to use the state of emergency clause to reopen parliament there will still be disagreements over which Bill parliament should pass.

The majority of the officials who were in the now disbanded National Reforms Authority (NRA) accuse the parliament of dismembering the initial Bill they submitted.

They say the parliament sneaked in new amendments and removed others to create a Bill that doesn’t reflect the people’s views.

The Senate has reservations about the parliament’s changes and appears sympathetic to the NRA’s view that the Bill should not be outrageously different to what the people suggested.

The Lesotho Council of NGOs (LCN), which facilitated this week’s dialogue, is reportedly not hostile to recalling parliament but wants parliament to pass the initial Bill from the NRA without changes.

MPs however insist they will not take instructions from any other institution because only parliament has the power to make laws.

But even if they agree to reopen parliament and find each other on which Bill to pass, there is likely to be another problem.

Advocate Tekane Maqakachane believes there is no legal loophole that the government can use to recall parliament.

“There is absolutely no loophole to use for that. There is no state of emergency to justify such,” Advocate Maqakachane said.

“The law is the law. You cannot violate it because you have created your own crisis by failing to do things on time.”

He said even if the government insists on violating the constitution by recalling parliament, the MPs will quickly find themselves in another legal jam.

He said several of the amendments that were before parliament require a referendum before they get royal assent. These include the changes to the Bill of Rights and changes to the structure of the judiciary.

“These are what we call double entrenched clauses and they are part of the Bill that some are saying parliament should be recalled to pass,” Advocate Maqakachane said.

“The trouble is that a referendum can only be held no less than two months and not more than six months after it has been passed by parliament.”

This, Advocate Maqakachane said, means there is no way the amendments can be legally passed before the October 7 election even if parliament is recalled.

His strong legal view is shared by several other lawyers who spoke to thepost.

That could indicate that there is a real possibility that a decision to recall parliament could be legally challenged. If that happens, the matter would no longer be in the government’s hands but would play out in the courts.

An epic legal battle might be looming.

Nkheli Liphoto

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Moleleki’s security guards, car withdrawn



MASERUTHE government has withdrawn security guards and a vehicle allocated to the official leader of parliament Monyane Moleleki.

The vehicle was taken away last Friday.

Moleleki could not be reached for comment but his Alliance of Democrats (AD) spokesman, Thuso Litjobo, confirmed the development.

The position of official leader of opposition in parliament is equivalent to that of a deputy minister and is entitled to the use of a government vehicle and security guards.

Even when the King dissolves parliament and calls for fresh elections, ministers and their deputies do not lose their entitlements such as cars or security.

The same goes for the official leader of opposition in parliament, the Speaker and his deputy.

Litjobo said the withdrawal of the vehicle and security was meant to ensure that Moleleki did not have resources to campaign for the October 7 general elections.

He said this was unfair since all ministers and their deputies still have access to state resources to campaign.

“Our leader is still entitled to those benefits,” Litjobo said.

“We do not have the power to do anything about this.”

Litjobo said they were shocked when they learnt that Moleleki’s security, staff, salary and everything had been taken away.

“For now the only thing we can do as a party is to complain,” he said.

Moleleki has been the official leader of opposition in parliament since the establishment of the Moeketsi Majoro-led government in 2019.

The Thomas Thabane-led government which began its tenure in 2017, in which Moleleki was the deputy prime minister, collapsed and Moleleki’s party was the largest in the opposition, making him leader of opposition.

As the official leader of the opposition, the Constitution grants Moleleki some benefits.

Among these, he has an office, staff, salary, a vehicle, and free fuel.

Moleleki had qualified to be the leader of opposition with his 11 MPs although most of them have since joined other political parties.

The army spokesman, Captain Sakeng Lekola, told thepost that he was not aware of the removal of Moleleki’s security.

“Such things can be asked to the government,” Captain Lekola said.

The Prime Minister’s spokesman, Buta Moseme, said the premier’s office is not responsible for the installation or removal of entitlements of the leader of opposition.

The government spokesman, Communications Minister Sam Rapapa, said the questions should be directed at the Clerk of Parliament Fine Maema.

Maema’s phone was ringing unanswered last night.

Deputy Prime Minister Mathibeli Mokhothu, who is the leader of parliament, could not be reached for comment last night.

Nkheli Liphoto

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ABC at war over Thetsane candidate



MASERU – A fight over who should represent the All Basotho Convention (ABC) in the Thetsane constituency in Maseru spilled into court this week.

Two separate constituency committees which were elected on June 11 and July 2 respectively are now fighting over who has the right to preside over the selection of a candidate this Sunday.

The June 11 committee is made up of Silase Mokhitli, Semonko Lesenyeho, Mako Chobokoane, Khoale Thene, Thabo Nkesi and ‘Mathabo Makalanyane.

The July 2 committee is made up of Motinyane Motinyane, ‘Matsekiso Motinyane, ‘Matokelo Morie, Mphonyane Kekana, Nondabesithe Babeli and Lelimo Monese.

The June 11 committee filed an urgent application in the High Court yesterday seeking to interdict the July 2 committee from holding themselves out as the members of the constituency committee pending determination of their application.

The June 11 committee also asks the court to order the party’s spokesman, Montoeli Masoetsa, and the National Executive Committee to file a record of proceedings of the elective conference of July 2 for the constituency.

They say the court should declare the July 2 committee election null and void.

A lawyer representing the June 11 committee, Advocate Letuka Molati, in his certificate of urgency, said the July 2 committee prejudiced his clients.

Advocate Molati said the July 2 committee is unlawfully preparing the nomination of the candidate for the Thetsane constituency on Sunday.

“Applicants have no alternative remedy as the National Executive Committee of the All Basotho Convention is ignoring to pronounce itself on the matter such that the illegal body will prepare for the nominations of the candidates for the up-coming national elections,” Advocate Molati said.

The June 11’s representative, Silase Mokhitli, told the court in an affidavit that Masoetsa and Senator Mphonyane Lebesa conducted the July 2 elections fraudulently.

“On the 11th June 2022, my co-applicants and I were elected as members of the constituency committee of the All Basotho Convention for the Thetsane constituency no. 34,” Mokhitli said.

Mokhitli said there was a peaceful handover of power from the old constituency committee and he was elected as the chairperson of the new Constituency committee.

The newly elected constituency committee submitted reports to the NEC on June 13 that there was only one branch of Thetsane West that had abstained from the constituency committee elective conference.

“We worked very well as the new constituency committee with the NEC of ABC for a period of about two weeks without any complaint,” he said.

He said on June 24, he was surprised to get a call from the secretary general of ABC, Lebohang Hlaele, ordering him and the new committee to report at the party’s headquarters.

Hlaele also invited the old committee, Mokhitli said.

However, Hlaele was not in the office when they arrived on June 27.

Instead they found one ’Maseeng Maputsoe who was accompanied by Masoetsa.

Maputsoe asked why there were two committees in the Thetsane constituency.

Mokhitli said there was only one committee for which he was the chairperson.

He said there were no disputes as all went on smoothly.

Mokhitli said after the deliberations, Maputsoe left with Masoetsa.

“They said they were going to deliberate alone and when they came back they said they made the decision that there should be a repeat of elections in Thetsane constituency,” he said.

Mokhitli said they were not satisfied and they wrote the executive committee seeking intervention but they have not received any response to date.

Instead, Maputsoe and Masoetsa went to Thetsane constituency on July 2 to oversee the repeat of elections.

“They did not have any official document that shows delegation to them from the NEC of ABC,” he said.

“They conducted everything through dictatorship.”

He said during the elections Masoetsa announced that he had expelled two branches and dissolved the four remaining branch committees out of six.

“They then proceeded to conduct elections without verifying the cards of those who qualify to elect and he took 12 people from three branch areas,” Mokhitli said.

“He took 13 people from Thetsane West branch which had abstained when I was elected on the 11th June 2022,” he said.

When people objected, Mokhitli said, Masoetsa strangled one ’Mako Chobokoane with his clothing and one Semonko Lesenyeho came to his rescue.

“Masoetsa, when faced with another objection, assaulted ’Mako Chobokoane, and Lesenyeho intervened again,” he said.

He said Senator Lebesa “was electing on behalf of the electors”.

He said when Maputsoe was asked whether it was proper that Lebesa was writing ballot papers on behalf of voters, she said Lesenyeho could do what he wished.

“Masoetsa and Maputsoe scolded everyone who objected,” he said.

He said the results of the elections were not announced publicly.

Many people left in disgust, Mokhitli said.

“When there were about less than 20 remaining from the original number of more than 150 people Maputsoe announced (the results).”

Mokhitli argued that it would be wrong for people who were not rightly elected to prepare and hold an elective conference for the constituency candidate.

“The fairness and democracy shall not reign. It is clear that democracy is already under threat,” he said.

’Malimpho Majoro

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