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The ultimate humiliation

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. . . as man and beast drink from the same pool

LERIBE – ’MAKHATHOLISANE Letsoela broke her leg as she competed for water with animals.
In her village, people and animals share water sources – a hazard to both their health and physical safety.
Letsoela tried to flee as a thirsty herd of cattle rushed to the pond she was fetching water from.

She slipped; fell on her knee and the stampeding herd trampled on her as they made a beeline for the pond.
It is survival of the fittest between animals and humans as they fight to access water at the village’s only source in Tsikoane Ha-Potloane in Leribe district.
Letsoela says she is not angry that she broke her leg. She cannot fathom that authorities allow a situation where residents in her village and surrounding areas have to share water sources with animals.

She says this has been the case for the past 16 years, although the droughts of recent years have worsened the situation. Hlotsenyana River, their source of water, is running dry.
The villagers, together with their livestock, are forced to depend on small ponds as the river dries up.
To make matters worse, the ponds are polluted by used baby disposable diapers that are always seen floating above the water.
Human waste is also washed up by occasional rains end up in the ponds.

“We have no option but to take a stick and push the diapers aside so that we fetch water from the pond,” Letsoela says.
Letsoela says she arrived in Ha-Potloane in 2002 and “already the village was suffering from a serious shortage of water”.
She says they would have water for two months before boreholes broke down and then villagers would be forced to wait for months before repairs. The cycle has continued.
“When the water is available, we have to collect as much as we can because we don’t know when we will be without it,” she says.

She says for the first time since 2002, villagers are depending on a single pond that is contaminated by human waste.
Letsoela says she has not seen the effects of the dirty water on adults, but has observed that it causes diarrhoea and rash in children.
Limping and leaning on a stick, Letsoela is talking to thepost as she walks home from the pond.

She looks up for signs of rain. There is no indication that it will rain anytime soon.
Her prayer now is that the government urgently repairs the borehole in the area.
For now, villagers have to do with dirty water which they try to purify by pouring cement into their buckets.
“It traps the unwanted pollutants and silt at the bottom,” says Letsoela.

Another villager, ’Manaptjoane Naptjoane, fears hunger will worsen.
“Crops in our gardens have withered and dried and livestock in our kraals have died,” she says.
There are hardly any crops to talk about when one walks around the village.
The only borehole in the area has broken down.

When the borehole is functioning, the water is reddish in colour and residents wonder if it is safe to drink.
“But we have to because we have no option,” says Naptjoane.
Minister of Water Affairs Samonyane Ntsekele, who is also the MP for Tsikoane, went to Ha-Potloane last week to assess the situation.
Ntsekele said he has known “for a long time now” of the plight of the villagers.

“The small budget is contributing to the delay of developments in this area,” Ntsekele said.
Ntsekele said government plans to fix boreholes in Hlotsenyane and pipelines from Mohokare River.
The government also plans to build 639 toilets in the area so that underground water is not contaminated by human waste, according to Ntsekele.
“Very soon the contractors will finish fixing the pipelines and boreholes,” he said.

“Water will be available for 12 hours every day and then as time goes on it will available for 24 hours,” said the minister.
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), implementation of plans and policies for urban and rural water and sanitation has been slow in Lesotho.
The country’s water and sanitation policy of 2007 states that: “Basotho are entitled to have access to a sustainable supply of potable water and to the provision of basic sanitation services at an affordable cost”.

The policy indicates that a Mosotho has a right to 3 000 litres of water per month, but mechanisms for implementing this policy are not in place.
The WHO states that the right to basic sanitation is also outlined in the policy, but it is not clearly defined.
There is, however, a drive towards improving access to both water and sanitation, although access for all will take a long time to achieve.
WHO said Lesotho has taken many steps to ensure sustainable services.

For example, the emptying service for the latrines and conservancy tanks has been outsourced to private operators and the contents are being disposed at the WASCO’s WWTW in order to ensure adequate treatment and safe disposal.

The WHO states that additionally, a hydraulic modeling exercise has been undertaken and a variety of cost effective options have been developed.
These will inform operational decisions in the future as local authorities increase their capacity to take over the operations and maintenance of community systems.
Implementation of the Maseru Wastewater project, which is piloting the provision of on-site sanitation facilities for the urban poor, is another sign of efforts to combat the problem, according to WHO. But for Letsoela and other villagers in areas such as Tsikoane Ha-Potloane, all this will only begin to make sense once water begins to flow.

’Makhotso Rakotsoane

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City Council bosses up for fraud

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THREE senior Maseru City Council (MCC) bosses face charges of fraud, theft, corruption and money laundering.

Town clerk Molete Selete and consultant Molefe Nthabane appeared in the Maseru Magistrate’s Court yesterday.

City engineer Matsoso Tikoe did not appear as he was said to be out of the country. He will be arraigned when he returns.

They are charged together with Kenneth Leong, the project manager of SCIG-SMCG-TIM Joint Venture, the company that lost the M379 million Mpilo Boulevard contract in January.

The joint venture made up of two Chinese companies, Shanxi Construction Investment Group (SCIG) and Shanxi Mechanization Construction Group (SMCG), and local partner Tim Plant Hire (TIM), has also been charged.

Selete and Nthabane were released on bail of M5 000 and surety of M200 000 each. Leong was granted bail of M10 000 and surety of M400 000 or property of the same value.

The charges are a culmination of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Offences (DCEO) investigation that has been going on for the past months or so.

The prosecution says Selete, Nthabane, Tikoe, and Leong acted in concert as they intentionally and unlawfully abused the functions of their offices by authorising an advance payment of M14 million to a joint-venture building the Mpilo Boulevard.

An advance payment guarantee is a commitment issued by a bank to pay a specified amount to one party of a contract on-demand as protection against the risk of the other party’s non-performance.

The prosecution says the payment was processed after the company had provided a dubious advance payment guarantee. It says the officials knew that the guarantee was fake and therefore unenforceable.

As revealed by thepost three weeks ago, SCIG and SMCG were responsible for providing the payment guarantee as lead partners in the joint venture.

The prosecution says the MCC was required by law to make advance payment after SCIG-SMCG-TIM Joint Venture submitted a guarantee as per the international standards on construction contracts.

It alleges that the MCC has now lost the M14 million paid to SCIG-SMCG-TIM Joint Venture because of the fake advanced guarantee.

thepost has seen minutes of meetings in which officials from the joint venture admitted to MCC officers that the advance payment guarantee was dubious.

SCIG-SMCG-TIM kept promising to provide a genuine guarantee but never did. Yet the MCC officials did not report the suspected fraud to the police or take any action against the company.

It was only in January this year that the MCC cancelled the contract on the basis that the company had failed to provide a genuine guarantee.

Despite receiving the advance payment SCIG and SMCG refused to pay TIM Joint Venture for the initial work.

SCIG and SMCG, the lead partners in the joint venture, are reportedly suing the MCC to restore the contract. Officials from TIM Plant Hire however say they are not aware of their partners’ lawsuit against the MCC.

Staff Reporter

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Scott fights for free lawyer

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DOUBLE-MURDER convict Lehlohonolo Scott is fighting the government to pay a lawyer to represent him in his appeal.
Scott, serving two life sentences for murdering Kamohelo Mohata and Moholobela Seetsa in 2012, says his efforts to get a state-sponsored lawyer have been repeatedly frustrated by the Registrar of the High Court, Advocate ’Mathato Sekoai.
He wants to appeal both conviction and sentence.
He has now filed an application in the High Court seeking an order to compel Advocate Sekoai to appoint a lawyer to represent him.
He tells the court that he is representing himself in that application because the Registrar has rejected his request to pay his legal fees or appoint a lawyer for him.
People who cannot fund their own legal costs can apply to the Registrar for what is called pro deo, legal representation paid for by the state.
Scott says Sekoai has told him to approach Legal Aid for assistance.
The Legal Aid office took a year to respond to him, verbally through correctional officers, saying it does not communicate directly with inmates.
The Legal Aid also said he doesn’t qualify to be their client.
“I was informed that one Mrs Papali, if I recall the name well, who is the Chief Legal Aid counsel, had said that Legal Aid does not communicate with inmates so she could not write back to me,” Scott says.
“Secondly, they represent people in minor cases. Thirdly, they represent indigent people of which she suggested I am not one of them.”
“Fourthly, there are no prospects of success in my case hence they won’t assist me.”
He says the Legal Aid’s fifth reason was that he has been in jail for a long time.
Scott is asking the High Court to set aside Sekoai’s decision and order her to facilitate pro deo services for him, saying her decision was “irregular, irrational, and unlawful”.
He argues that the Registrar’s role was to finance his case to finality, meaning up to the Court of Appeal.
The Registrar insists that the arrangement was to provide him a lawyer until his High Court trial ended.
Scott says his lawyer, Advocate Thulo Hoeane, who was paid by the state, had promised to file an appeal a day after his sentencing but he did not.
He argues that the Registrar did not hear him but arbitrarily decided to end pro deo.
Scott says he wrote to Acting Chief Justice ’Maseforo Mahase in 2018 soon after his conviction and sentencing seeking assistance but he never received any response.
Later, he wrote to Chief Justice Sakoane Sakoane in November 2020 and he received a response through Sekoai who rejected his request.
Scott tells the High Court that he managed to apply to the Court of Appeal on his own but the Registrar later told him, through correctional officers, that “the Court of Appeal does not permit ordinary people to approach it”.
He argues that “where justice or other public interest considerations demand, the courts have always departed from the rules without any problem”.
Staff Reporter

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Army ordered to pay up

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THE Ombudsman has asked parliament to intervene to force the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) to compensate families of people killed by soldiers.
Advocate Tlotliso Polaki told parliament, in two damning reports on Monday, that the LDF is refusing to compensate the family of Lisebo Tang who was shot dead by soldiers near the former commander, Lieutenant General Tlali Kamoli’s home in 2014.

The LDF, she said, is also refusing to compensate the family of Molapo Molapo who was killed by a group of soldiers at his home in Peka, Ha-Leburu in 2022.

Advocate Polaki wrote the LDF in January last year saying it should pay Tang’s mother, Makhola Tang, M300 000 “as a reasonable and justifiable redress for loss of support”.

The Tang family claim investigation started in February 2022 and the LDF responded that it “had undertaken the responsibility for funeral expenses and other related costs”.

Advocate Polaki investigated whether the LDF could be held accountable for Tang’s death and whether his family should be compensated while the criminal case is pending.

She found that the soldiers were “acting within the scope of their employment to protect the army commander and his family” when they killed Tang.

Soldiers killed Tang in Lithabaneng while she was in a parked car with her boyfriend at what the army termed “a compromising spot” near the commander’s residence.

The three soldiers peppered the vehicle with a volley of shots, killing Tang and wounding the boyfriend.

Advocate Polaki found that the army arranged to pay for the funeral costs and to continue buying groceries and school needs for Tang’s daughter.

The LDF, however, kept this for only four years but abruptly stopped.

When asked why it stopped, the army said “there is a criminal case pending in court”.

The army also said it felt that it would be admitting guilt if it compensated the Tang’s family.

The Ombudsman said “a civil claim for pecuniary compensation lodged is not dependent on the criminal proceedings running at the same time”.

“The LDF created a legitimate but unreasonable expectation and commitments between themselves and the complainant which had no duration attached thereto and which showed a willingness to cooperate and work harmoniously together,” Advocate Polaki found.

“The LDF was correct in withdrawing such benefit in the absence of a clear policy guideline or order to continue to offer such benefit or advantage,” she said.

“However, she should have been consulted first as the decision was prejudicial to her interest.”

She said the army’s undertaking “fell short of a critical element of duration and reasonability”.

Tang was a breadwinner working at Pick ’n Pay Supermarket as a cleaner earning M2 000 a month.

Her daughter, the Ombudsman said, is now in grade six and her school fees alone had escalated to M3 200 per year.

She said an appropriate redress should be premised on her family’s loss of income and future loss of support based on her salary and the prejudice suffered by her mother and daughter.

She said M300 000 is “a reasonable and justifiable redress for loss of support”.

In Molapo’s case, Advocate Polaki told parliament that the LDF refused to implement her recommendations to compensate his two daughters.

The complainant is his father, Thabo Joel Molapo.

The Ombudsman told the army in August last year that it should pay the girls M423 805 “for the negligent death of their father”.

Advocate Polaki said despite that the criminal matter is before the court, “it is established that the Ombudsman can assert her jurisdiction and make determinations on the complaint”.

Molapo, 32, was brutally murdered by a soldier in Peka in December 2020.

Molapo had earlier fought with the soldier and disarmed him.

The soldier, the Ombudsman found, rushed to Mokota-koti army post to request backup to recover his rifle. When he returned with his colleagues, they found him hiding in his house. The soldier then shot Molapo.

The LDF, the Ombudsman said, conceded that the soldier killed Molapo while on duty and that he had been subjected to internal disciplinary processes.

“The LDF is bound by the consequences of the officer’s actions who was negligent and caused Molapo’s death,” she said.

She found that after Molapo was killed, army officers and the Minister of Defence visited his family and pledged to pay his children’s school fees. They also promised to hire one of his relatives who would “cater for the needs of the deceased’s children going forward”.

The LDF, she said, has now reneged on its promises saying its “recruitment policy and legal considerations did not allow for such decision to be implemented”.

Molapo’s father told the Ombudsman that the LDF said “the undertakings were not implementable and were made by the minister at the time just to console the family”.

All the payments in the two cases, the Ombudsman has asked parliament, should be made within three months.

Staff Reporter

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