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Rapelang Mosae

The administration of justice in Lesotho has endured trying times in the past, and still continues to do so. The problems in the judiciary have led to the erosion of public confidence in the courts of Lesotho. We have seen the former Court of Appeal President Justice Mathealira Ramodibedi and the former Chief Justice Mahapela Lebohang Lehohla fight over who was the most senior judge in the country.

We have also seen a group of lawyers fight one of their own over acceptance to the high position of President of the Court of Appeal and most recently we have a lawyer using the media as a machine to criticize a presiding judge.

It is common cause that double ritual murder suspect, Lehlohonolo Scott and his mother, are finally before court to be tried for the two murders.

However the case has been characterized by as number of delays including the most recent one where the lawyer representing the Scotts, Adv Hoeane, has taken his gloves off to fight the Presiding Judge Justice Teboho Moiloa.

The judge has been accused of bias after he allowed admission of certain evidence which Adv. Hoeane submits was incorrectly tendered. Adv. Hoeane objected to the tendering of the evidence in court but was ultimately overruled.

This clearly did not satisfy Adv Hoeane as he quickly approached the media, informing it of the ruling made by the Judge and how unfair it was. He went further to state that he was withdrawing from the case.

Our courts have on previous occasions been accused of a plethora of crimes in the court of public opinion. It is therefore troubling and indeed lamentable to have a member of the legal fraternity enter the fray and drag the name of the judiciary through the mud in such a manner.

Adv. Hoeane, with great respect, has breached a number of ethical duties owed by him as a legal practitioner to the courts.

After his spat of venting his anger at the judge in the media, Adv. Hoeane went back to defending the Scotts and his first order of business was moving for the recusal of Justice Moiloa from the case. The application was made before court however it was ultimately rejected.

This too did not amuse Adv. Hoeane as he has most recently indicated his intention to take the matter further, stating that he did not appreciate the language used in the ruling dismissing his application.

It is not necessary for purposes of this piece to delve into the merits of his allegation.

Adv. Hoeane has shown his displeasure with the decision and it ought to be borne in mind, that the grant of a recusal is not automatic. Recusal hinges on the judge voluntarily stepping down on his own accord or after an application is made and he or she grants it. Anything else would fall within the ambit of disqualification of a judge not recusal.

The right to seek a judge’s recusal is one that should be used very carefully because judges by virtue of their office are expected to apply their minds to cases before them without any exterior influence. Under English common law, the only basis for recusal of judges was financial interest. However today it is accepted that judges can be recused for other reasons.

For a judge to recuse himself it must be shown that there is a likelihood of bias. This clearly gives the judge the last word and in this case the last word was NO. Adv Hoeane as an officer of the court should accept this and continue with the case lest he be accused of resorting to delaying tactics.

According to Robert Bell and Caroline Abela a lawyer should promote the public’s confidence in the administration of justice.  Adv. Hoeane has correctly pointed out that judges should never be seen to enter the arena of litigation.

He however took this further and stated on record that Justice Moiloa has descended into the arena and has in fact joined the prosecution team. That statement coming from a legal practitioner should send chills down the spine of anyone in the legal fraternity.

Surely that statement does not promote public confidence in the judiciary because it says to the public that we have unprofessional judges who can’t approach a case neutrally. This literally means our judges are incompetent.

It cannot be said that law is a profession and historically a professional was distinguished from a tradesperson by a public declaration, which is today demonstrated by the oath taken at admission at the bar, to serve others and devote their intellects and efforts to the public good.

There is no public good which can come from a disrespect and loss of confidence in the judiciary. One writer states that the judiciary stands on equal footing with the executive and legislative arms of government.

However in terms of political, financial or military powers, the judiciary has no hope of competing with the other two arms. It is for this reason that the judiciary only relies on its moral authority. However attacks such as those of Adv. Hoeane will make the judiciary lose its only stronghold which is moral authority.

Some may not know this but Adv. Hoeane undoubtedly knows it very well – that judges are not expected to comment about their judgements or rulings anywhere but in the courtroom. It is thus very unfair to fight Justice Moiloa in the media knowing quite well that he won’t have recourse to the same audience.

The media reserves the right of reply in all its publications; however Justice Moiloa cannot have recourse to that right.

This stance was propounded by Krieler J in the celebrated case of S v Mamabolo where it was stated: “Courts have over the centuries developed a method of functioning a self-discipline and restraint which, although it differs from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, has a number of essential characteristics. The most important is that judges speak in court and only in court. They are not at liberty to defend or even debate their decisions in public.”

The reason for this restraint is simple; courts are there to bring finality to legal problems. That is why a judge sits in authority whereas lawyers only make submissions which can be rejected or upheld. Dragging the judge into the media removes his authority.

Adv. Hoeane as a seasoned lawyer with over 15 years’ experience should understand and be able to distinguish the two roles.

Adv. Hoeane seems to have embarked on a two-pronged approach to the case – trial by court and trial by media. He argues in court and when that fails he comes to the media to get audience and perhaps a better reception.

This is unethical and further impugns on the judges independence as well as effectively putting justice to into disrepute. Essentially, Hoeane is effectively saying to Justice Moiloa that ‘it’s either you grant my prayers or else prepare yourself for vigorous ridicule in the media’.

As stated in the introduction, the judiciary in Lesotho has endured a lot already. It has suffered enough. It honestly adds insult to injury to have its name dragged through the mud by one of its own. It is therefore in the interest of justice for Adv. Hoeane to reconsider his conduct in the media and put himself on a higher ethical standard as a senior practitioner, with all due respect.

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Reforms: time to change hearts and minds



A very important milestone is gradually being reached in Lesotho politics. On April 6, 2022, I attended a National Reforms Authority (NRA)’s High-level Forum on the State of the Implementation of the Lesotho National Reforms at ’Manthabiseng Convention Centre.

For the first time, I heard at that meeting politicians acknowledging that Lesotho’s political problems have a lot to do with politicians themselves, and not with written clauses of the Constitution.

This is a point that this country’s intellectuals and academics have made for years. Lesotho politicians have refused to listen both because of their dislike for the country’s academics and because of absence of any communication between the two groups as a result of that dislike.

If politicians could use their newly-acquired wisdom as a basis from which to proceed in attempts to solve Lesotho’s political problems, there is potential for great strides to be made, finally.

Political instability bedevils Lesotho because the hearts and minds of politicians continue to be inclined to break the law, or to look for ‘loopholes’, in pursuit of narrow interests; and continue to change clauses of the Constitution when such clauses do not allow the pursuit and achievement of narrow interests.

We need a change of heart and mind-set among our politicians in order to make headway in building a politically stable society. Politicians’ narrow interests should not be a basis for what needs to happen in Lesotho. The need for constitutional changes and the search for loopholes will persist but they should not be inspired by the pursuit of narrow interests, as has hitherto happened.

Instead, to us the public, it should become necessary to reform the constitution on two conditions only. First, when it is found that the constitution does not adequately address concerns with the socio-economic welfare of Basotho. Second, when it becomes necessary to ensure that Basotho exercise real power on who rules them and on how they are ruled. These conditions are cardinal.

And they should inform all thought and action in Lesotho’s politics.

As has happened many times already, even these costly ongoing reforms of clauses of the Constitution will be all for naught if concern for politicians’ own welfare continues to be a primary motive behind their pursuit for parliamentary seats, and what they do once in parliament.

It may well be that the current and next generation of politicians will be short of men and women with hearts and mind-set fit for service to Basotho’s welfare. But serious attempts need to be made to ensure the generation after the next has a critical mass of such politicians.

This cannot only be wished for. It has to be worked for. One thought is to introduce a curriculum that teaches people the capacity to think of others, and care for others. These are some of the attributes mostly missing among our politicians. Their incapacity to think of others leads to their lack of a sense of public duty that we see and experience every day.

We have neglected the task of socialising and educating empathetic hearts and mind-sets claiming that Africans and Basotho naturally and culturally subscribe to, and live in accordance with, ubuntu (humanity). It is quite obvious that this is not true. People who make this claim loudest are the middle classes who, while claiming to subscribe to ubuntu, live in houses surrounded by six feet high perimeter walls.

There may be other thoughts than socialisation on this. What we have to hope for is that from here onwards, in our search for solutions to Lesotho political problems, we will proceed from the recognition that, primarily, these problems emanate not from inappropriate written texts of the Constitution but from hearts and minds of men and women.

Motlatsi Thabane

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We have lost our moral indignation



I remember when the allegations that Tšeliso Nthane had shot and killed one of his employees first came to the surface. It was in 2019, back when the air was not so poisonous and Basotho still had much of their hope. Well not much because this is generally a hopeless, desolate wasteland but some small pretence of hope still remained. The nation was angry, and rightfully so. The consensus was that men like Nthane, no matter how deep their pockets, should not be allowed to act with impunity. A man was dead and we were baying for justice.

A lot has happened since then. The Covid-19 pandemic, mass retrenchments and job losses, the ever dwindling power of the loti. This and that but all has been more negative than positive in this place so when the time came for Nthane to be handed judgment we had mostly stopped caring as we had to deal with the business of living .

Anyway the man was found not guilty. I will confess I did not read the judgement for fear it will sink me lower into the abyss that is life in Lesotho. However, news of that sort cannot escape one even if they try, more especially if they are on social media. No sooner had judgment been handed down that social media debates began raging.

Suddenly everyone was an expert in punitive versus remedial justices and the pros and cons therein. Many argued that once more the rich had been proven to be above the law. A statement clouded in naivety really because had they been paying attention they would have realised that there is nothing to prove as the rich have always been above the law.

Those who fancy themselves the harbingers of remedial justice argued that Nthane had made certain payments to the family and thus paid his debt. I have no personal knowledge of these payments but I was of course curious to know how much the price of a life is amongst these parts.

They further argued that since Nthane owned many companies that employed many Basotho it would not be in the national interests to send him to prison as jobs would be lost. I am not sure how Basotho think companies work and if they have ever heard that they are a separate legal entity from their owners but no matter. This is certainly an elucidation on the finer points of company law.

I have in the past been guilty of judging my countrymen, perhaps a little too harshly as it is sometimes hard to make sense of their motivations but to hear young people speak so vehemently for letting a man walk free after another has died simply because he is in a position to provide them with a livelihood reminded me once more of the stark hopelessness when it comes to finding a job in this country.

Basotho youths are not uneducated, they are not immoral or unfeeling and they certainly are not pro-murder. At least I hope so. What they are however is hungry and desperate and desperation can reduce even the most pious man to his knees. What good is moral outrage if one is outraged on an empty stomach?

What good will it do for them to be out in the street being activists for social and moral issues when they barely can afford the nine maloti to hop into a taxi and arrive at such a demonstration? To argue that anyone who can offer them jobs should be treated differently as far as the law is concerned is a statement borne out of the worst kind of desperation and instead of making me angry, it made me sad.

Now, I have not enough knowledge of the case against Nthane to say whether I feel the judgment was fair and just. All I know is I certainly want it not to be in favour of him simply because he has jobs and livelihoods to give. It is however easy for me to judge from my privileged position where I have a meal guaranteed every night. It is easy to be morally indignant when one does not have to worry about the indignities of joblessness.

I spoke last week of how easy it is for us to condemn young people who lay their bodies on the human resource table. We laugh at older people who walk for kilometres to attend political rallies and sing for “baetapele” (leaders) and fail to take into account that in a moment of desperation a man who offers you promises of a job you badly need is someone you would follow to a rally.

To see young women in the arms of 70-year-olds who are not even good company. To see young men vehemently justify that murder should be forgiven if the alleged murderer can offer them a livelihood will quickly disabuse one of the notion that there is any progress happening in Lesotho.

So here we are in a country where people are willing to sell their bodies and souls for a chance at a decent life.

Here we are about to enter another election season and the only people who stand to truly benefit are the owners of guest houses. Whether Nthane got a fair verdict or not is immaterial to me, what remains shocking is how we have lost our moral indignation as a country. It appears Tom Thabane, that erstwhile leader was right when he said “sera sa motho ke tlala”. To quote the younger generations of Ma2000: “Because wow”.

Thakane Rethabile Shale

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No peace plan, no economic recovery



The world’s struggle to reboot economies viciously disrupted by the Covid-19 pandemic remains real. However, the impact could be more severe to countries that already had dwindling economies and lack a way out, chief amongst them Lesotho. The focus on recovery gets disrupted from time to time by new variants seemingly more infectious than the previous ones; we had the Delta variant and now Omicron.

Several countries seem to be putting their own nationals ahead of everyone else. The squabble between the European Union and the United Kingdom over vaccines was but an example of leaders who put the interests of their own people first. The leaders surely knew that the world would not win the fight over Covid unless the rest of the world is vaccinated as stated by the World Health Organisation.

They however made plans to keep their people safe first, protect their boundaries and then set stringent entry conditions into their countries to further protect their own people. Though this may seem selfish, who in their right mind would not do the same?

As countries draw and implement plans to get their economies back on track, Lesotho has very little to show if anything at all. Businesses shut doors and the few people who had jobs lost their only incomes. Prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, Lesotho was already struggling to engage in much needed capital projects because it simply did not have the money.
Sadly, there is no watertight plan let alone a draft to increase dwindling revenue following the reviewed Southern Africa Custom Union’s approach. There is basically no plan to support entrepreneurs to scale up thereby increasing the tax base. Instead, the Lesotho Revenue Authority (LRA) is expected to milk dry the remaining few dying cows.

With this hopeless state of affairs in Lesotho, one would be misled to think that Lesotho is not capable of making solid plans and sticking to them. The reality is, Lesotho, a country of around 2 million people only is indeed capable of doing more for her few people. She has abundant resources; minerals and human capital.

Sadly, the skills and resources are always misdirected to produce negative energy among Basotho. The only fully funded strategy that Lesotho is committed to at the moment and can be articulated clearly by all parties involved without having to consult is Mothetjoa Metsing’s arrest. Metsing is accused of treason based on a hard-to-understand incident where he was a coalition partner and a Deputy Prime Minister, yet he is said to have been involved in an attempt to unseat the then Prime Minister Thabane.
Thabane of course did leave the country but Metsing never dreamt of taking over the premier’s office. The police, Public Prosecutor and the executive are all on the same page about progress and what the next move against Metsing should be.

There are officers ready to do whatever it takes to bring him down. There is no shortage of resources when it comes to arresting him. Intelligence is on top of its game when it comes to him. The propaganda machinery is fully empowered. When will the government get its priorities right?
The army commander Lt Gen Motšomotšo and senior army officials Col Sechele and Col Hashatsi were shot dead in broad daylight, within the army barracks and there is absolutely nothing and no one who has been held accountable for their killing. This against the background that former army commander Lt Gen Tlali Kamoli and others remain in prison for years pending the case surrounding among others the killing of yet another army commander Maaparankoe Mahao.

Where is the logic here? No investigations, no arrests, absolutely nothing on the killing of the three high profile army officials. Yet the government is persecuting Metsing for allegedly plotting to oust a government which never happened.
Around 80 people died in cold blood in police custody under the All Basotho Convention-led operation – “Tokho”. The then Prime Minister Tom Thabane allowed the police to torture people and the Lesotho Congress for Democracy tried to force the premier to withdraw his instructions to the police. That however drew a blank.

The police chief has not yet been called to account for these deaths. The police are doing what Basotho were complaining about during the reign of the previous regime that the army was acting with impunity. Suddenly, it is ok for the police to brutally torture and kill Basotho.
Suddenly, it is ok for army bosses to be killed with impunity. That’s the only reasonable conclusion that one arrives at based on the hesitation of the government to do anything about the killers on the government’s payroll.
The government of Lesotho needs to focus on revamping this country’s economy, creating jobs, improving health services, building infrastructure, promoting peace and unity and managing the escalating crime rate. Lesotho fails to acknowledge that the country’s peace is a group effort and Basotho must all be in it to work.

Investors are unlikely to risk their money in a country that is not at peace with itself. Until the government get its priorities right, Lesotho will continue to struggle to have peace and a stable economy. This will translate to high unemployment worse compared to where it is currently.
Metsing had a peace plan that was unfortunately not supported by some parties. Those who opposed it could only assume that it would let him go free. They never weighed options nor tabled alternative peace-making efforts. To them the country would rather suffer, rather be divided than accept the fact that the government was never toppled. There are far more pressing issues in Lesotho. Instead of paying loads of money to a foreign prosecutor, and taking much valuable time from our courts of law, we should be focusing our priorities on something positive. We need to heal and move on as a nation, not as individuals.

Potjo Potjo

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