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The cost of illegal abortions



MOHALE’S HOEK – ABOUT 60 percent of unintended pregnancies in Lesotho end in abortion, a recent report has revealed.

The 2022 State of the World Population Report indicates that despite efforts by the government and development partners to promote Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR), Early and Unintended Pregnancies (EUP) continue to rise.

It showed that 35.7 percent of adolescents aged between 10 and 15 years were admitted to health centres for obstetric and gynaecological attention due to abortion in 2019.

An estimated 8.17 percent of teenage girls between the ages of 15 to 19 years were admitted in 2021, while another 10.6 percent of young women aged 20 to 24 were attended to by health professionals for terminating unintended pregnancies.

In Lesotho, backyard abortion is rampant despite the dangers it poses to the health of women, including infections, damage of the cervix, severe blood loss and a risk of materials being left in the womb. Such women might be forced to live with medical complications that include infertility, while some have even lost their lives.

The report detailing the alarmingly high abortion statistics revealed that Mohale’s Hoek is the district with the highest number of backyard termination of pregnancies and it is also the highest in pills distributed by illegal providers.

Sebolelo said she aborted three months ago and her grandmother didn’t even notice because she used a pill her boyfriend bought for M300. Having lost both her father and mother, she said she was afraid to become a mother on her own as her then boyfriend told her to abort the pregnancy.

“He gave me an ultimatum that if I decide to keep the baby then I would raise it by myself. As hurt as I was, I still disagreed,” she said.

The boyfriend later asked her to visit for a sleepover at his place so that they could discuss the issue.

“I didn’t even hesitate as I was hoping he had changed his mind about terminating the pregnancy,” she said, adding that her boyfriend bought her “a lot” of food items, including yogurt.

“I was so happy and convinced that we are good until I ate that yogurt.”

She said in the middle of the night, she started to have abdominal cramps but she initially ignored them.

“The pain worsened and I kept tossing and turning for two hours until lying on the bed didn’t cut it all. As surprised as I was, my boyfriend just looked at me while I was writhing in pain,” she said, adding that he then boiled some water and used a towel to soothe the pain.

While at it, she said he gave her some painkillers saying they would help her sleep.

“Indeed it helped but it wasn’t long before the pain returned stronger at around 3am until I felt like peeing only to find out that was it…the end of my pregnancy as I bled excessively.”

“As surprised as I was, my then boyfriend said he needed to tell me something but calling for help seemed to be the last thing on his mind even after I suggested it. He refused and said it was not a big deal, I will be fine by morning.”

He later declared to her in the morning that “it worked” before disclosing that he had spiked the yogurt with an abortion inducing pill.

“I was shattered but there was nothing I could do as my waist hurt to the core so I couldn’t just get up and leave and thankfully that was the end of the relationship,” she said.

She said she wouldn’t advise her peers, even her worst enemy, to abort as the pain is unbearable. “Rather, it is better to abstain from sex until one is ready to deal with the consequences that come with having unprotected sex,” she said.

thepost recently visited one of the “agents” in Mohale’s Hoek, ‘Masello Sello* at her stall where she sells snacks. Thinking that our reporter was a client, the first thing she said was “Don’t say we’re going to kill the baby. If you dreamt about it, you should swallow it, I don’t kill people…I love God so much and when I die I don’t want to struggle because the corpses will be standing in front of me and the church people will be singing and that will be a problem. I love church.”

She added “whenever one comes to me in secrecy, I tell them not to talk about killing people because I am not a killer.” After the reporter explained her supposed problem, the agent advised her on using a pill that cost M600 rather than a concoction.

“If it was below three months, my mixture would destroy that fetus ‘lehloele’ now I can only help with the pill,” she said. “You will be fine in a few days.”

She also claimed to sell a period pain concoction for just M300. She said the pill is cut into four pieces. Two are put under the tongue and the other two inserted into the vagina by the user, who should also drink lots of warm water.

“I know it will help you but aborting is a painful process. It’s not just a quick process and you don’t have to be alone as sometimes you will be weak and need help with warm water,” she said, adding that further usage guidance is disclosed after payment of the fee.

She claimed she has been helping people abort for years and that none of her clients had experienced problems.

Sello said her supplier of pills and concoctions is based in Mohale’s Hoek, not very far from her work place. But after calling the supplier, she was informed that stocks had run out until the next day.

“This is a chain. We work together so now that my supplier is out of stock, he will call another one, don’t worry. Pills are in demand but we will get them more in no time.”

Mpharane Health Centre Nursing Officer, Mookho Kotelo, said in their catchment, early and unintended pregnancies were common among adolescents.

“With time, some of them come back with complications such as heavy bleeding, they would be very weak and we then refer them to Ntšekhe hospital for further monitoring,” she said, adding that some even ask for assistance to end the pregnancy as they wouldn’t be ready to raise a child.

“We tell them that we don’t offer such help as it is impossible especially when one doesn’t have any medical condition but for patients with complications we stabilise them as we have equipment and further communicate with a doctor telephonically to recommend anything on top of what we have already offered and referral should the need arise.”

However, she said they don’t often show up at the clinic when they have complications.

“In a month, we get at least two patients even though those that said were not ready are more than that,” said Kotelo, adding “we are humanely compassionate but it is impossible for us to help them terminate. We refer them to support groups that exist in the communities. Some NGOs help them to finally get out of the crisis by giving them tips on how to succeed in life and also their parents or caregivers are counselled. “

She said they also refer some of them to the social welfare department for help to look after the baby, while those who suffered abuse are referred to the Child and Gender Protection Unit (CGPU).

She said they also get high numbers of abortion cases. She said the clinic offers counselling services to victims. Kotelo said parents still take child marriage for granted and due to poverty, often encourage pregnant children to drop out of school and get married.

She said “very few” continue with their studies. Lesotho Mounted Police Services (LMPS) spokesman, Senior Superintendent Mpiti Mopeli, said the police sometimes deal with cases of birth concealment. He said reasons given by those caught include poverty and extra-marital affairs.

Mopeli said although abortion is illegal, “people still do it”, while those caught selling pills or concoctions say they see an opportunity for business as demand is high.

“We do trap them and arrest them,” he said, citing an incident where a Butha-Buthe seller was traced and arrested after advertising on Facebook last month.

“Whenever we see someone in that kind of business we do all we can to arrest them.”

‘Mapule Motsopa


The beauty queen of Lesotho



MASERU – WHILE many children her age were still adapting to the early years of school after kindergarten, Reatile Molefe was already plotting her life goals. Barely 10-years-old, Molefe already knew exactly what she wanted to do in life.

“I was already geared towards being a model at that early age. I was already portraying fancy and modest moves linked to modelling,” said the beauty queen, now aged 22.

It didn’t take time for her mother to identify the potential and found a need to sharpen it further.

“My journey in beauty pageantry started at the age of eight in 2009. The reason my mom thought I should hop into pageantry was because I was active and smart. I also had role models from the industry by then. I mean, I had an ambition of every little girl’s dream of being a star or being dressed in cute ball gowns so I also had a strong desire to be like that,” she said.

“I started my cat walking lessons at Little Miss Lesotho Companies but didn’t win. Not winning gave me motivation to work more towards my craft, it pushed me into wanting more as I couldn’t settle for less,” she said.

Molefe now boasts of 14 tittles to her name. She has donned the beauty pageant crowns in all stages of her life.

“I was crowned Queen in my two previous schools. I was Miss New Millennium High School in 2012 and Miss Lesotho High School in 2017. The 14th title I scooped made me believe in myself even more as I got to gain experience competing with people from different countries,” said Molefe, who has also made a bold statement by competing at the international level.

Molefe attributes her prowess to her high levels of confidence.

“Pageants create a bonding experience where women lift each other up, but what gives me an upper hand is being comfortable, secure with myself and being me throughout,” said Molefe, adding that her favourite category during pageantry competitions is when models are asked to strut the ramp in evening wear.

“That’s when the audience and the judges get to see the creativity, the poise and eloquence of the queens,” said Molefe, who believes that the audience’s response can destroy or build a contestant’s confidence.

“The audience can play either of the two roles during a contest. They may make a positive impact on females taking part because they teach them how to be resilient thus prepare them for real world situations. On the other hand, the audience may also make a negative impact and lead to a whole host of mental issues among participants who may be worried about their image and appearance. This can lead to harmful side-effects,” stated Molefe.

Like other women in the modelling industry, Molefe has come across some challenges.

“An example is trying to get enough support from the general public on my first international contest,” she said.

Another was the cost of competing in beauty pageants as well as evolving body changes, she said.

“Being a beauty queen is not a walk in the park, especially when being judged by the community. And, yes, pageants do help women grow in confidence but without proper mental health support, they can also create insecurities. But through all the struggles, I am thankful to my family and friends. They are my biggest supporters. I may have gone through it all but their unbending support has kept me going,” she said.

Molefe says she considers being crowned second runner up in the Miss Culture International competition held in Johannesburg in 2021 as her most outstanding achievement. She was also crowned Miss Culture Lesotho in 2018.

“What was intriguing to me about this contest was the fact that I was the youngest among the contestants. It proved to be a learning experience for me and it deepened my knowledge about what the modelling world really entails.

“I never doubted myself but I thought I wouldn’t make it as I was the youngest. I got to compete with people of different races, which got me even more motivated. I learned a lot in participating in a multi-racial event,” she said.

Pageantry isn’t just about looks, according to Molefe.

“There is to more to it, like being able to embrace glamour. Beauty is subjective and it can be interpreted in different ways according to the perception of individual viewers. I consider being beautiful as an inside and out perception but the golden rule is to brim with confidence to make it in pageantry,” said Molefe, urging parents to enroll their children in pageantry schools at an early age “even as early as three-years-old”.

“This gives them ample time to develop because the young ones are able to easily learn from others to improve their skills and boost their self-confidence,” said Molefe, who dreams of a day when a beauty queen is considered a legendary woman in Lesotho.

One of her goals is to assist in educating the youth, especially young women, about menstrual health and other sexual and reproductive health issues.

Her target group is mainly girls that live in rural areas and small towns.

“Pageants promote goal setting, encourage us to value personal achievement and community involvement,” she said.

Calvin Motekase

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The stock-theft menace



MASERU – IF you recently enjoyed a nice beef stew at a restaurant in Lesotho there is a high possibility that the slaughtered cow might have been stolen from a farm in South Africa.

If you are in South Africa, it is equally possible that the cow was stolen from a cattle post in Mokhotlong or any other mountainous region of Lesotho.

That is because cross-border stock-theft is on the increase between the two countries. In fact, it has become a thorn in the flesh for farmers on both sides of the border.

Since 1990, 85 percent of livestock owners on the border villages of Lesotho have lost animals to thieves as compared with 49 percentage from non-border villages, according to a study published by Wilfrid Laurier University.

Earlier this month, this problem came into sharp focus when four Basotho men were picked up by the police in Thaba-Nchu in the Free State.

These men, aged between 24-51 years old, were travelling in a car bearing Lesotho number plates. They were transporting cattle that did not have documents.

The SAPS informed their counterparts in Lesotho who rushed to the place to repatriate the suspects.

Maseru Urban Commanding Officer Senior Superintendent Rantoane Motsoela said their investigations uncovered that the cattle crossed into South Africa at Ha Tsolo through the Mohokare River.

Then they were transported from the border into South Africa.

S/Supt Motsoela said they have found that the cattle already had tattoo marks from one farmer in Ficksburg.

But the suspects had no documents to prove that the animals belonged to them.

Both the cattle and the car are still in the hands of the SAPS while investigations are continuing.

S/Supt Motsoela said the suspects are assisting the police with investigations.

In another incident police recovered five cattle of a Mosotho man in Qwa-Qwa, still in the Free State Province.

These cattle were reported stolen in Tšehlanyane in Leribe at the beginning of this month.

Police under their sting operation “Zero Tolerance to Stock Theft” launched their investigations that led to the discovery of the cattle.

The Leribe District police commanding officer Senior Superintendent Samuel Thamae said they were able to recover the animals with the help of the community who tipped them off.

S/Supt Thamae said they stormed Qwa-Qwa with their counterparts in South Africa to identify the stolen animals.

After convincing the SAPS that the cattle belonged to the concerned farmer, they were released to him.

The Mokhotlong District Administrator (DA) Serame Linake says they have been battling cross border stock theft for years.

He says Basotho in Lesotho would go to South Africa to steal the animals that they sell back to South Africa in Vanderbijlparkl after getting fraudulent documents.

Linake says these animals, cattle and sheep, are sold at an auction in Vanderbijlpark.

He says the South Africans on the other hand sometimes also cross the border into Lesotho to steal the animals.

To fight this theft, they have formed good relations with the SAPS, chiefs and councillors.

Linake says when animals are stolen from South Africa into Lesotho, their counterparts simply inform them on this side so that they could waylay them.

“Stolen animals are strictly sold in Vanderbijlpark in South Africa,” he says.

He says in his district animals are not sold in the butcheries like is the case in Maseru and other lowlands districts.

Linake says they are now struggling to control theft that takes place between the northern district and Qwa-Qwa because the perpetrators are Basotho who have now migrated to South Africa.

He says these perpetrators have lived in Lesotho and know all the corridors that they could use to come and steal animals in Lesotho and go back to South Africa.

Police spokesperson Senior Superintendent Mpiti Mopeli says stock-theft is a grave problem in the country.

He says they have formed a special team that is going to reinforce the team that is already dealing with stock-theft in the country.

When there is an alarm that some animals have been stolen, this new team is informed so that it can lend a helping hand.

S/Supt Mopeli says the theft happens within the country’s borders and between Lesotho and South Africa.

S/Supt Mopeli says they are managing to deal with the theft because they arrest the perpetrators and bring them before the courts of law.

He says the public should alert the police when they see animals being stolen so that they can be saved from the hands of thieves.

Army spokesperson Lieutenant Colonel Sakeng Lekola says they have registered big successes in curbing cross-border theft especially after having a post in Mokota-Koti in Maputsoe.

He says they usually hold frequent patrols at the borders to fight this crime.

“We also hold frequent crossings with the South African army to share information regarding cross-border theft,” Lt Col Lekola says.

Lt Col Lekola says they sometimes use air patrols as another way to fight stock-theft.

He says they usually erect camps along the borders so that they can stop animals coming out of Lesotho or vice-versa.

“Last year we had a successful collaboration with South African soldiers where we patrolled the borders from Leribe to Mafeteng. The South African army was on their side and we were also on our side,” he says.

He says they were working together with the police and they reaped good results.

Lt Col Lekola says some herd boys report the theft of livestock long after first trying to track the animals themselves.

He says this gives the cattle rustlers a chance to hide.

He advised the farmers not to erect cattle posts near the borders because they are stolen easily.

“When the South Africans enter Lesotho borders to trace their stolen animals, they make the first encounter with the animals at the cattle posts and drive them away,” Lt Col Lekola says.

He appealled to farmers to work collaboratively with their herders to pay them their dues.

He says some farmers do not pay their herders and those herders usually bounce back to steal the animals in revenge.

“They enter the cattle posts easily because the dogs know them,” Lt Col Lekola says.

Because Lesotho is completely surrounded by South Africa, stock-theft takes place easily between the two countries especially in the provinces of Free State, KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape.

The porous borders make it easy for the movement of animals to take place between the two countries.

And the theft between these countries has been happening since time immemorial.

The cross-border menace continues to take place despite patrols that are organised by the security agencies from both countries.

A Transnational History of Stock Theft on the Lesotho–South Africa Border, Nineteenth Century to 1994 Journal states that stock theft has long been a problem along the Lesotho–South Africa border.

It says from Moshoeshoe I’s cattle-raiding in the nineteenth century through to the start of the democratic era in Lesotho (1993) and South Africa (1994), the idea that stock theft is both prevalent and an international problem has been generally accepted by all.

According to Farmer’s Weekly livestock theft has a much more detrimental effect on the economy than previously thought, and is becoming more violent.

It says organised livestock theft feeds into other more serious types of transnational organised crimes such as drug, weapons and human trafficking.

And ultimately this results in the creation of illicit financial flows.

Challenges to safety included no fencing along large stretches, and the lack of a suitable roads to enable South African National Defence Force (SANDF) troops to conduct border patrols effectively, Farmer’s Weekly says.

In a piece published in November on the International Security Studies (ISS) website, ISS Today, stock theft was on the rise in South Africa, with 29 672 cases recorded by the South African Police Service (SAPS) for the 2018/2019 financial year.

This represented an increase of 2.9 percent over the previous year.

The ISS said the problem is exacerbated by porous and poorly secured borders, lack of capacity to monitor the border, and mountainous terrain that is difficult to police.

“Such challenges create opportunities and trafficking routes for criminal networks to smuggle livestock, drugs and, at times, firearms across the border.”

The ISS said the transnational livestock theft affects farmers revenue and adds to consumer costs.

It says thousands of animals are stolen and sold through the black market.

And this hurts the economy and goes even further to impact consumers, as these animals could have provided meat.

Majara Molupe

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Matekane to launch microchip project



MAPUTSOE – PRIME Minister Sam Matekane will this Sunday launch a new microchip project designed to combat the rampant stock-theft in Lesotho.

The launch will be held in Peka in Leribe.

Speaking at a rally for his Revolution for Prosperity (RFP) in Maputsoe last weekend, Matekane said the government is weary of the rampant stock-theft that impoverished rural farmers in Lesotho for decades.

“When your livestock leaves your kraals your phones will alert you and your families,” Matekane said amid loud cheers.

He asked the people to go to Peka in great numbers to witness the launch and learn from the livestock microchipping experts how the project will work to combat stock-theft in the villages.

The project was first spearheaded by Thomas Thabane when he was the Home Affairs Minister in 2003.

That year, 120 rams were implanted with the microchip identification system in Masianokeng.

The rams belonged to a company called Mahloenyeng Trading Company (Pty) Ltd.

The then police boss, Jonas Malewa, had microchipped 64 horses at the Police Training College (PTC) a year earlier in a pilot project.

The Home Affairs Ministry had contracted a company called Primate Identity Technology ran by a Jewish man, Yehuda Danziger, to carry out the pilot project.

Danziger was also tasked with observing any side-effects the animals could have after the implantation of the microchip.

The government introduced the microchip implantation technology after realising that stock thieves would easily erase the branding and tattoo marks with red hot metal and acid.

The stock thieves also cut off stolen animals’ ears if they bore the owner’s identification marks.

Microchips are tiny electronic devices, about the size of a grain of rice, which could be stored in a capsule and implanted near the animal’s tail to make it easy to identify and trace lost or stolen animals.

The project however never picked up with successive government not showing any political will to carry it through.

Things are now set to change with Matekane launching the project this Sunday.

Tšepang Mapola & Alice Samuel

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