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A business training consultant with BEDCO, AbielMashale,this week called for “radical action” to address youth unemployment in Lesotho.

Mashale was speaking at this year’s launch of a competition by the Bacha Enterprise Project (BEP) that seeks to strengthen youth-owned businesses in Lesotho.

The BEP, which is a joint project of the Basotho Enterprise Development Corporation (BEDCO), Lesotho Revenue Authority (LRA) and Standard Lesotho Bank, will give M500 000 in capital to three youth businesses out of 25 that have entered the competition.

This is the second time the BEP has invited business-minded Basotho youths to compete for start-up capital with the aim to boost small and medium enterprises.

Mashale said Lesotho has the highest rate of youth unemployment in Africa.

“This calls for radical action,” he said.

The crisis, Mashale said, called for an innovative approach to address youth unemployment.

He also blamed Lesotho’s education system saying it is failing the nation because it does not provide skills that respond to the economic needs of the country.

“There is no teaching of entrepreneurial skills. Basotho are known to be copycats because one idea can spread across as a wild business idea because they don’t like to think,” Mashale said.

“Through this project we are challenging youths to think more out of the box and come up with sustainable projects.We have examples of countries that are sustained by SMMEs. We therefore encourage the spirit of entrepreneurship among youths.”

The project, spearheaded by BEDCO, is meant to create jobs for unemployed youths as well as increase Lesotho’s tax base.

Mashalesaid at least 7500 youths graduate from tertiary institutionsannually with only 50 percent getting jobs and 60 percentof the employed go into subsistence farming while the remaining 40 percentgo into the formal employment sector.

He said the textile industry and the government are the biggest employers, “but this does not bring any good for us because these very factories which do not pay well are owned by foreigners who only pay rent, utility expenses and salaries while the rest of the money is shipped out of the country”.

“Our government does not produce or trade in anything while we have the highest wage bill,”Mashale said.

ManyathelaKheleli, Standard Lesotho Bank marketing manager, said SMMEs are the engine of the economy in many countries and “if we are going to have unemployed graduates who have been equipped with skills and are aware of the trending business ideas (but do nothing about it) this (training) would be a waste”.

“We want these dreams and skills to become a reality. You are in the forefront to make it happen,” Kheleli said.

Kheleli said the competitors will have to take this project seriously if they want to come top.

“We have had issues of one project that was among the top three having problems with licensing because what they are doing as a business has never been done before and has never been licensed before and so the licensing process lengthened,” he said.

TšepangMncina, a Public Relations Officer at LRA, said what they were doing as LRA was to produce more businessmen who will be faithful to pay tax in order to give more opportunities to other Basotho youths.

“We are starting a journey where some will succeed and some will fail but that will not be the end. LRA as an organisation has a CSI policy to give back to the community and that is what we are doing by offering youths this opportunity,” Mncina said.

“We are interested in sustainable businesses that will increase tax collection,” she said.

One of the competitors who also participated in the first competition, TšosaneLebina,said he would work hard this time to increase his chances of winning.

Lebina has been running a mushroom project for the past two years.

Last year Lebina was in the Top Five missing the award by a whisker. But he did not give up.

“I knew that there were some parts of the project proposal that I did not put much effort into and this time around I came prepared and very armed,” he said.

Lebina believes his downfall last year was because his research on the method of planting mushrooms was not detailed enough. He had also not explained fully how he intended to sustain the business in the long run.

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LEC to switch off households over debts



MASERU – The Lesotho Electricity Company (LEC) will from Tuesday next week begin switching off clients who owe it money.

The LEC issued a seven-day ultimatum to all customers who owe it on Tuesday last week. The deadline ends on Monday.

It is expected that the LEC will begin switching off households that have defaulted.

The state-owned power company, however, is not going to touch any government department or business entities that owe it on grounds that they are in payment negotiations.

The LEC move comes barely two weeks after it cut electricity supplies to the Water and Sewerage Company (WASCO) thus causing it to fail to pump water to communities countrywide for more than two days.

The LEC says it is owed close to M200 million by government departments, businesses and individuals.

The LEC spokesman, Tšepang Ledia, told thepost that the government and the businesses will not have their electricity cut because they are in negotiations.

“We are in negotiations with the government and businesses and hopefully they will pay,” Ledia said.

“We advise the ordinary people to pay their debts before the 20th of March 2023 or else we cut the services,” he said.

The LEC says it is running short of funds for its daily operations.

In December last year the company increased power tariffs by 7.9 percent on both energy and maximum demand charges across all customer categories for the Financial Year 2022/23.

Last week the LEC boss, Mohato Seleke, said postpaid consumers and sundry debtors owe the company M169.4 million.

He said unless the debtors pay he will be unable to buy electricity from ’Muela Hydropower Project, Eskom in South Africa and Mozambique’s EDM.

This, he said, could cause serious load shedding in the country and could be devastating for businesses.

Seleke said the LEC spends M630 million monthly to buy electricity.

“If postpaid consumers do not settle their debts this could prevent the LEC from being able to buy electricity which can lead the country to encounter load-shedding,” Seleke said.

Seleke said collecting debt from government department ministries was a challenge as there is an understanding that since LEC is a state-owned company, it will continue supplying government agencies with electricity and they will settle their bills when they have funds to do so.

Seleke said the LEC has lost M21 million to vandalism during this financial year.

Relebohile Tšepe

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Bumper payout for former mineworkers



MASERU – AT least 11 316 current as well as former mine workers are set for a bumper payout after Tshiamiso Trust began disbursing the first billion Maloti to workers who are suffering from silicosis and tuberculosis.

The payment comes two years after Tshiamiso Trust began processing claims for the historical M5 billion settlement agreement between mineworkers and six gold mines in South Africa.

Speaking at the payment announcement in Maseru last week, the Trust’s CEO, Lusanda Jiya, said it has been two years since they officially began accepting claims.

“Our people come to work every day with the mission of impacting lives for the better, and the first billion rand paid out to over 11 000 families is just the beginning,” Jiya said.

“We know that there is no compensation that will ever be enough to undo the suffering endured by mine workers and their families,” he said.

“However, we are committed to deliver our mandate and ensure that every family that is eligible for compensation receives it.”

Jiya said the Trust is limited both in terms of the time in which they can operate, and the extent to which they can assist those seeking compensation.

Broadly speaking, the eligibility criteria include among others that the mineworker must have worked at one of the qualifying gold mines between March 12, 1965 and December 10, 2019.

Secondly, living mineworkers must have permanent lung damage from silicosis or TB and deceased mine workers representatives must have evidence that proves that they (the deceased) died from TB or Silicosis.

Tshiamiso Trust has a lifespan of 12 years, ending in February 2031.

Over 111 000 claims have been received to date, through offices in South Africa, Lesotho, Botswana, eSwatini, and Mozambique.

The Trust is working with stakeholders in these countries and others to mobilise its efforts and expand operations.

The history of silicosis in South Africa goes back to the late 1880’s when the first gold mines began operations.

The gold was stored and locked in quartz, a special rock that contains large amounts of silica.

Crystallised silica particles can cause serious respiratory damage if inhaled.

In the earlier days of gold mining, dust control, health and safety standards and the use of PPE (personal protective equipment) were not as advanced as they are today.

Tshiamiso Trust was established in 2020 to give effect to the settlement agreement reached between six mining companies.

The companies are African Rainbow Minerals, Anglo American South Africa, AngloGold Ashanti, Harmony Gold, Sibanye Stillwater and Gold Fields.

The settlement agreement was reached and made after a ruling by the Johannesburg High Court as a result of a historic class action by former and current mineworkers against the six gold mines.

Justice for Miners is a coalition of interested parties in the mining sector launched at the Nelson Mandela Foundation in Johannesburg in 2020.

The Johannesburg High Court approved the setting up of the Tshiamiso Trust to facilitate payment by the companies to affected miners.

Keith Chapatarongo

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Farmers cry over cost of livestock feed



MASERU – Lehlohonolo Mokhethi is a farmer who has been running a successful poultry business, thanks to a small loan he got from a local bank.

He now has 300 chickens.

He says his vision is to rear 5 000 chickens by 2025 and employ 30 youths. But he is now grappling with a new challenge: the ever increasing cost of chicken feed.

That is threatening the viability of his business.

“The biggest challenge is that food prices increase every day, feeding is expensive,” Mokhethi said.

“It is quite difficult to make profit in business if each and every day food prices increase. Today I am buying a bag of food with a certain amount then the next day the price has increased,” he says.

“Our customers fail dismally to understand that food has increased and the Chinese are taking our market because they sell at a low price thus I run at a loss.”

Last week, a top attorney in Maseru who is also a prominent farmer, Tiisetso Sello-Mafatle, called a meeting for farmers to discuss these challenges.

She says the government must regulate the prices of livestock feed.

That is critical if the farming business is to succeed, she says.

Attorney Sello-Mafatle says farmers must come up with a structure for livestock feed prices which they would present to the government for gazetting.

“We should state our regulations and give them to the government to make everything easy for both parties because we cannot wait for the government to make regulations for us,” Sello-Mafatle says.

She adds that “farmers should be bullish about what they want and never have fear endorsing new things”.

“I will not be challenged or cry (because of) what life throws at me but I will cry when things are not happening the right way,” she says.

Mafatle says farmers need to know who they are and know the capabilities they have.

“This will help a farmer in becoming the best in any field they are in once they are confident about themselves,” she says.

Karabo Lijo, another participant, said they have to influence the cost of inputs in agriculture, especially livestock feed.

“We have to go back to cost-price analysis where as farmers we are able to derive the selling price and the break-even point in our production,” Lijo said.

“We can also derive the stable or constant mark-ups on our products,” he said.

“We need to do research to increase the ability to produce byproducts which are likely to have the longest shelve life,” he said.

The meeting urged farmers to diversify their products by introducing such things as mushroom farming. They said mushrooms can grow very well in Lesotho due to its favourable climate.

The farmers also demanded that there should be regulations on how land can be sold or borrowed in Lesotho.

Tholoana Lesenya and Alice Samuel

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